Philodendron Golden Dragon is a beautiful tropical species that belongs to the family of Araceae plants. It appears as a large green plant mottled with attractive golden hues. They are also used in indoor settings as ornamental plants, and this significantly increased its demand in the market. They are beautiful, and also much loved by plant enthusiasts because it’s easy to take care of them in indoor environments.
- Family: Araceae
- Subfamily: Aroideae
- Genus: Philodendron
About the Genus Philodendron
Schott introduced the philodendron genus in 1832. It accommodates a large variety of flowering plants, and it is the second-largest genus of family Araceae. This genus consists of almost 489 species of climbing herbs with strong stems. The words “Philo” and “Dendron” in Philodendron stand for “affection” and “tree”, and these words are derived from the Greek language. The plants belonging to this genus are used for ornamental purposes because of their large leaves and fast growth rate.
Origin and Distribution
Philodendron Golden Dragon dawned from North, central and south America. However, it is distributed throughout the tropical regions of the world because this plant is specifically related to warm climates and environments.
Features of Philodendron Golden Dragon
Leaves and Foliage
Their most specific structure is the size of their leaves. They have large-sized, lush, dark green leaves. The stem is also covered with the same deep green colored layer. Because of this profound green foliage, it overall appears as a deep-green plant with only the leaves occasionally spotted with golden color.
Philodendron Golden Dragon is evergreen, and its broad green leaves beautifully adorn the indoors in all the seasons. Their leaves stay fresh and shiny regardless of the weather, and hence the plant lovers always long to grow them indoors and use it as a display.
Philodendron Golden Dragons are small to medium-sized. They are usually 6, 8, or 12 inches long initially. However, with proper care, they may grow up to 20-25 inches.
Golden Dragon philodendrons are usually not tolerant to sudden temperature changes, and the warmth needs to be kept in a moderate range. Exposure to the temperature out of the optimum scale might kill the plant.
These plants are very tolerant when it comes to humidity. A high level of humidity in air favors the growth of these plants. However, they are capable of tolerating low humidity levels inside houses as well. Hence, taking care of these plants is not a tricky business when it comes to humidity.
Philodendron Golden Dragon is not a flowery plant. However, its glossy leaf structure is its distinct and most beautiful feature.
Golden Dragon Philodendron is drought resistant as it survives low humidity levels and lack of moisture in the soil. However, it will cause great harm if the water availability becomes lower than its minimum requirements.
Because of its stout stem system, this plant can bear moderate pressure. Nonetheless, high pressure will lead to wear and tear of the plant and stunt its growth.
It is not entirely disease resistance, and fungus or bacteria attacks can lead to severe disease conditions in which golden spots change into reddish-brown spots. However, the decisive point is that home plants rarely get these diseases. If observed timely, proper measures can be taken to prevent the whole plant from getting affected.
Common pests that can attack the Philodendron Golden Dragon are mealy bugs, scales, and spider mites. Healthy plants are not susceptible to the pests, but they can affect the plants already diseased by fungus or bacteria, and a low immune system.
Philodendron Golden Dragon has a very high growth rate, and it climbs pretty quickly if given the right conditions. It is also an attractive feature for growing these plants indoors.
These plants are toxic to living organisms, and no human or animal should swallow or eat it. The toxic substances can cause mild to severe physical symptoms if swallowed or mishandled. Pests and children must consciously be kept away from these plants.
Another positive point about the Golden Dragon philodendron is that they are very durable and can live for a large period- we’re talking years on end. The leaves may fall and re-grow eventually without being replanted.
Philodendron Golden Dragon is very easy to be maintained. It requires minimum care, and hence it is effortless and simple to grow them indoors. They develop well under moderate indoor temperature and humidity conditions.
These plants might become dormant in the fall or winter season, and they might shed leaves or even die if proper care is not being taken in accordance with the dormant plant. Leaves don’t grow in such conditions; however, the vines might grow taller. In such situations, less than average watering must be adopted just to keep the soil moist. The use of water sprays and misting is preferred in this time duration to avoid the dehydration of the plant. Also, when a plant is dormant, overfeeding might lead to some severe damage to the plant. New philodendrons should not be grown in the dormancy period. You should also avoid grooming or propagating until the new growth period starts in spring.
Philodendron Golden Dragon Care
Philodendron Golden Dragon requires moist soil enriched with organic matter as gives it the best environment to bloom, and a pole as support might help it grow taller. Extreme winters affect their growth, so they must be transported to a warmer environment. It doesn’t require frequent watering or feeding.
Since this plant is grown in moist soil conditions, it must be watered regularly, especially when it is growing. However, once it has grown, it does not need frequent irrigation. It only needs water when the substrate gets dry. It can be analyzed by touching the top 3 centimeters, and if it is dry, the plant is watered.
Richly hydrated and organic soil is required for the growth of Golden Dragon Philodendron. It can be potted in any sort of bucket or moderately sized container. The soil should be well-draining like an aroid mix that usually contains coir, pine bark, medium perlite, activated charcoal, worm castings, and sphagnum moss. The pH of soil must be between the values 4.5 – 6.0 (slightly acidic). The plant should be specially kept away from very wet, very dry, or sandy soils.
These plants grow well in 70-85% sunlight. They require bright light for their growth. Nonetheless, it must not hit them directly as direct sunlight can cause damage to this plant’s leaves. They are low light tolerant, hence, prefer growing this species in shady areas or well-lit rooms where sunlight reaches indirectly. Such arrangements will help it grow better and boost the health of this plant.
These plants live under moderate temperatures only. The summer season of colder areas is best for the growth of these plants, although direct exposure to heat or scorching environments must be avoided. The frost has adverse effects on this plant. So, in extremely frosty northern regions or cold climates, this plant must be taken inside in the warmer environment to prevent it from illnesses and death. The ideal temperature varies according to the part of the day, but an optimum range is 65-78 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 60 degrees Fahrenheit at night.
This plant is very lenient when it comes to humidity. It appreciates the high humidity levels in the air and grows well in the conditions of high moisture. For this purpose, air humidifiers might be installed inside the homes to make the indoor environment more friendly for the plant. If the air humidity level becomes low, it is quite tolerant of such an environment and will not complain, so this factor does not do any serious harm to the plant. However, drought-like, overly-dry conditions must be prevented. The plant can be kept happy by misting at regular intervals.
Just make sure that the moisture does not linger on the surface of the plant because it attracts the pests and ultimately, various diseases.
The fertilizer must be given to the plant thrice annually, and the general-purpose fertilizer works well in this regard. It might be fed with balanced liquid foliage houseplant fertilizer that contains macro-nutrients. Fertilizer must be used 6 inches away from the base. If not done right, the plant grows very slowly, and it might not even grow as tall as it should. Low quality and cheap fertilizers must not be used for these plants as the heavy salts in such fertilizers will damage the roots, and it will ultimately lead to the death of the plant.
If the plant is to be transferred to a bigger or different pot for any reason, it must be done in the early spring when the plant is coming out of the dormancy phase. The reason behind is that it develops new roots during that period.
Grooming and Pruning
Care must be taken that the dried up dead leaves should be cut from their particular branches without damaging the stem or branches of other leaves. Cutting down of the branches of fresh leaves will dry up the leaves too and stunt the growth of fresh new growth.
Philodendron Golden Dragon Propagation
The propagation of this plant is easy. You need a pair of scissors and a spare pot. Make sure that the tools are well sterilized so that they don’t cause any pest or infection to the plant. Also, it is better to wear gloves before starting the process as part of personal care. Following steps must be followed for better propagation:
- A 3-6 inches long stem is cut using a sharp tool. It is better to cut it just above another leaf on the same stem.
- All leaves except the top few leaves must be removed from the stem.
- Place the stem in a potting mixture or the soil and make sure that the leaves are outside the potting mixture.
- Keep it in indirect and bright sunlight, such as windowsill or table near a window.
- New stems will sprout in the next two weeks, eventually developing into leaves.
- Now, tug on the stems, remove it, and place it in the potting soil of the new pot.
- The new plant will bloom with full grace and beauty in a few days.
Common Problems and FAQs
My Golden Dragon Philodendron Has Stopped Producing Leaves Although Its Vine is Still Growing. What Does This Indicate?
In the dormancy phase, the leaves of the plants stop growing anymore, although the vine or stem might keep growing. There is nothing to be worried about. It is totally normal and indicates that the development and growth of the plant are normal.
Golden Spots of Golden Dragon Philodendron Have Changed to Reddish-brown Color. Is It Normal?
No, it might have been caused by some bacterial or fungal infection. It must be given proper attention and care in such a condition to prevent the whole plant from the disease and, eventually, death.
Displaying Philodendron Golden Dragon
You can either hang them in baskets or mount them on a stable surface. They are very decent looking and hence can be used in formal settings such as offices. However, they can be used in casual room setups too. Their broad leaves and stunning shades of green make them a beautiful addition to your indoor design.
Golden Dragon Philodendron is a tropical plant that is not only beautiful and elegant to look at, but it is also effortless to maintain. However, it is quite toxic and must be kept away from pets and children. The plant can be added to formal and sophisticated environments to add a graceful touch to your setting.