Home Plants Ficus Triangularis Variegata – An Indoor Tropical Plant

Ficus Triangularis Variegata – An Indoor Tropical Plant

by gardeningit
Ficus Triangularis Variegata

Ficus Triangularis Variegata plants get their name from their unusual triangular leaves. These are tropical plants that can easily be grown indoors and are well known for how beautiful they look sitting in our living rooms. These plants are very easy to take care of and Ficus Triangularis Variegata propagation is not very difficult either. This is why houseplant enthusiasts love adding this plant to their collection. It looks effortlessly stylish and is easy to maintain, reproduce, and groom.

Classification

  • Family: Moraceae
  • Tribe: Ficeae
  • Genus: Ficus
  • Common Name: Variegated Dwarf Triangle Fig

About the Genus Ficus

The Ficus genus consists of about 800 species, all of which are trees, shrubs, vines, and epiphytes. This genius is native to the warm, tropical areas of Asia and all these plants are collectively called fig trees or figs. Most of these figs bear edible fruits that are only consumed by wildlife and not humans. Apart from being food, these are also culturally important botanical creatures. Figs are known to have cultural importance in tropical areas and are objects that are worshipped and used for their many diverse purposes.

All figs have aerial roots and have a unique shape that distinguishes them from other plants.  Their fruit is also particularly different and helps recognize a fig plant. The most common fig plants include the common fig, Ficus. Benjamina Ficus Triangularis and Ficus Pumila

Origin and Distribution

These plants are known to originate from the South and West Africa.

Ficus Triangularis Variegata Features

Foliage and Stem

As mentioned before these plants have a unique set of foliage with triangular leaves. These thick leaves are yellow and have variegation of grey-green color in the center of the leaves.

Evergreen

Like most fig plants, if given good Ficus Triangularis Variegata care, these plants are evergreen, which means that they stay healthy and pretty-looking all year long. This particular feature makes them ideal for displaying and decorating around the house.

Height

Under the right conditions, these plants grow as tall as 4 to 6 feet. So, you might want to put them in a room with taller walls so that they can grow freely.

Temperature Tolerance

Considering that they have a small range of optimum temperatures and do not do well under extreme weather, these plants are not temperature tolerant. You must keep them away from frequent and extreme changes in temperature. So, make sure that you shift them to a more suitable spot if it gets a little too cold or too hot around them.

Humidity Tolerance

Yes, Variegated Ficus Triangularis plants are humidity tolerant and don’t mind an extra effort to maintain moisture around them. An indoor humidifier and occasional misting can be good ways of making sure your plant doesn’t go dry and dehydrated during the warm, windy days of summer and spring. Just make sure you don’t overdo it since excess of moisture on any plant can prove to be more damaging than beneficial. A good tip to increase humidity in the air around your plants is to group a couple of water-loving plants. If this does not do the job, you can always put the pot in a pebble tray and pour some water into it. The water will evaporate and create more moisture in the air. Just make sure that the pot is sitting on the pebbles and not directly on the water.

Flowers

Under the right Ficus Triangularis Variegata care, these plants can bloom beautifully in the spring and summer season. Ficus plants can grow flowers in form of syconia, which is a small inflorescence that grows about 2 centimeters in size and looks like a berry.

Drought-resistance

Considering their humidity and water-loving nature, these plants do not do well under dry, dehydrating conditions. So, make sure you keep them adequately watered all the time under moderate levels of humidity in the air.

Pressure Tolerance

Although these plants are not excessively delicate, it may not be the best idea to step on them or keep them under prolonged pressure. They may not instantly die but it is not good for their health and growth in the long run. So make sure you keep your Ficus Triangularis Variegata out of people’s way and high up where they can grow freely without being pressed on by people, pets, other plants, or other objects around them.

Disease and Pest Resistance

When it comes to diseases and bugs, mealybugs and aphids are the most common problems that your plant can encounter. If your plant is living in high moisture, low light, or unhygienic environments, it is most definitely prone to attracting these pests. The best way to avoid this is to keep your plant clean and dry at all times. Mist and wipe your plant clean every other day and while you do so, take the opportunity to examine and inspect your Ficus thoroughly. Look around and under the leaves as well as the stems to make sure no bugs and insects are hiding anywhere.

Growth

Fig plants are generally slow-growing plants so if you are doing everything right, giving your plant the right care and environment, and it is still not showing fast progress in terms of physical growth, don’t be alarmed. Consistency and patience are keys while growing this particular plant species in your house.

Toxicity

Ficus plants are known to contain a substance called “sap”. This particular substance, if ingested, can cause irritation and inflammation in the mouth as well as the gastrointestinal tract. If mishandled, it can also cause allergy and skin irritation on you as well as your pet. Hence, make sure that you keep this plant away from the reach of your pets and children. In case somebody does ingest the plant, take quick action, and get professional medical help immediately.

Durability

Their perennial life cycle makes Ficus Triangularis Variegata a very durable option in terms of ornamental plants. You can display them for years on end without having to worry about replacing them.

Maintenance

Given that these plants do not require any special attention or expenses, they are very easy to maintain and are, thus, a favorite among houseplant enthusiasts.

Dormancy

During the cold, winter seasons, these plants go into a state of dormancy, which means that they stop growing and just “fall asleep”. Do not panic because this is completely normal. Just water the plant and take care of it as needed. Avoid fertilizing or propagating them during this time. Wait for them to “wake up” again as soon as spring hits and you can go back to your routine watering and fertilizing sessions.

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Ficus Triangularis Variegata Care

Ficus Triangularis Variegata requires moderate temperatures and bright, diffused lights to grow. You can water them regularly and fertilize them every 3 to 4 weeks with an organic diluted fertilizer. They grow in a well-draining, organically rich, soil substrate and appreciate frequent grooming.

Water Requirements

These plants love water so you can water them regularly but make sure that the soil dries completely in between these sessions. If not, and the soil becomes water clogged, the plant will start to look unwell and will eventually die. The best way to make sure that this does not happen is that you check the soil before watering the plant again. If the top two to three inches of the soil are dried out, it is now time to water it again. You can check the soil using your fingers or you can also use moisture meters to be more accurate.

Soil Requirements

For growing substrate, these plants thrive in well-draining organic soils that dry quickly and do not store water for long. You can use pine bark or sphagnum peat moss as soil amendments. The perfect potting mix would include equal parts of peat, sand, and a little bit of charcoal.

Sunlight Requirements

The sunlight requirements of a Ficus Triangularis Variegata can be a little tricky. Bright, indirect lights are best suited for Ficus plants so try to put them in a room that is well-lit with natural light but not directly under the sun. However, make sure that the plant gets plenty of sunlight because if not, its variegated leaves fall start to lose color and will look droopy. Hence, make sure that the plant gets plenty of sunlight but nothing that would burn its leaves.

Also, make sure that you keep rotating the plant so that all parts of it get equal amounts of sunlight and the whole plant grows in equal symmetry.

Temperature Requirements

Any temperatures between 45 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit are suitable to grow these plants, so regular indoor temperatures suit them well. Just make sure that you keep the plants away from frequent and extreme temperature changes. Also make sure that these plants are not sitting in front of sources of extreme heat or cold, like air conditioners, fans or heat ventilators, etc.

Humidity Requirements

Similar to their sunlight requirements, they need a lot of humidity as well. A young, growing Ficus Triangularis Variegata plant needs more humidity in its surroundings than a mature one. Under the right amount of moisture, these plants will grow much better than you would expect. The roots will develop stronger and faster and the leaves will look healthier, greener, and thicker. Just make sure that too much humidity does not sit on the plant’s soil or leaves because that can invite pests and microbial growth.

Fertilizer Requirements

Every few weeks you can fertilize your plant with a good organic, diluted fertilizer. You can feed your plants during the warm seasons. However, refrain from doing so while the plant is in its dormant state. The right time to fertilize your Ficus to ensure maximum growth and successful blooming is to water the plant thoroughly when the dormancy ends and then fertilize it right after. Make sure you use a good quality fertilizer that is nutrient-rich and organic. Low-quality fertilizers have cheap salts in them that can slowly kill your plant by suffocating the roots.

Re-potting

Although it is recommended that you do not repot your plant unless necessary, if you want to do so you can do it during the spring season, once the plant is at least 1 to 2 years old. The criterion to repot your plant is that it should be outgrowing its current pot or should have a medical emergency such as an infection in the roots.

Grooming and Pruning

Variegated Ficus Triangularis plants do not mind frequent pruning and grooming them regularly can make them look neater and stimulate better growth. Simply trim off any parts of the plant that you think are growing too much. Just make sure that you do not cut off too much because that can stunt the new growth of the plant. Use clean sterilized scissors or knives to do this because you do not want to spread any diseases or germs. Also wear protective garments because you can hurt yourself during the process.

Ficus Triangularis Variegata Propagation

You can use apical cuttings to propagate these plants. Simply remove an appropriate-sized cutting, place it in the potting mix, and put it under the suggested conditions. These are slow-growing plants so you will have to be very patient with them.

  • Start by sterilizing your equipment and tools and wearing the appropriate protective garments.
  • Now, remove cuttings from the mature plant that are at least 15 to 18 cm long and have a couple of healthy leaves attached to their ends.
  • Next, place these cuttings in a suitable, customized potting mix that has peat, perlite, and sand.
  • Put the cuttings under a moderate temperature of at least 25 degrees Fahrenheit and filtered light.
  • You can cover the cuttings with polyethylene to add to the factor of humidity.
  • This polyethylene can be removed after 2 weeks once the plant starts to root.
  • You can shift the cuttings to a bigger pot now and let them grow like a mature plant.

Timeline

Week 1-2: Plant the cuttings and put them in a well-lit, warm, humid spot.

Weeks 3-4: Roots will start to grow by now. Make sure you remove the polyethylene bag and take care of the plant appropriately.

Weeks 5-7: The roots should be nicely developed by now, so you can shift the plant into a bigger pot without damaging them.

Months 2-4: The plant will take its time to grow but you need to be very consistent in terms of its care.

Common Ficus Triangularis Variegata Problems

Yellow Leaves

If your plant’s leaves are turning yellow or brown, the underlying problem is most probably related to the moisture in the soil. Moreover, if the soil is wet or water-clogged, it will result in the leaves turning yellow or even make them fall off. If the leaves are looking crunchy and yellow, this is most probably because of the lack of moisture in the soil. Either way, the best way to fix this problem is to monitor your watering schedule. As mentioned before, only water the plant when the top 2 to 3 inches start to look dry. You can use your fingers to check the texture of the soil or even use moisture meters to be more accurate.

Leaf Loss

Ficus plants tend to lose about 20% of their foliage as a result of a change in their environment. If you place the plant in a different corner of the house or change their pot and the soil mix, the plant will probably react this way. The best way to know if the plant is sick or if it is just reacting this way because of the change in the environment is to look at the leaves. If the leaves look droopy but do not change color and still look green, this is most probably because of change in its environment.

To prevent this, make sure that you grow the plant in one suitable spot and do not change its location unless it is necessary. If you have to change the location of the plant, just make sure that you take good care of it afterward. Mist it regularly and give it time to adjust to its new environment. If your plant is losing leaves through this process, do not worry. Just keep it well-fed and well-hydrated. The leaves will grow back eventually.

Displaying Ficus Triangularis Variegata Plant

Because of their elaborate green leaves that have the unique variegation on them, they are the perfect statement plants to be displayed in your living rooms and your bedrooms. The thick leaves along with the dark green color bring an instant, tropical vibe to your place. Just make sure that you do not put the plant against other objects that might press on it or in a small corner where it cannot grow to its full potential. Preferably, place the plant in a well-lit, humid room that has enough free space and high ceilings.

Ficus Triangularis Variegata for Sale

When looking for a Ficus Triangularis Variegata for sale, make sure you examine and inspect it thoroughly for any diseases, spots, or bugs. Look under and behind the leaves and stems to make sure the plant is perfectly healthy. Note the age of the plant, because young, baby plants require more care and attention than mature plants. Also, note the season and inquire whether or not the plant is dormant or blooming. If you are looking for one of these online, here are some of the websites you can check:

Final Thoughts

Ficus Triangularis Variegata plants are beautiful, tropical, evergreen plants that can be grown and displayed inside the house. Their tall structure and lush, green foliage make them a stunning addition to your interiors as well as your plant garden. Not only is the plant beautiful, but it is also easy to take care of and even easier to propagate. Just make sure that you keep the plants away from your pets and children because they are very toxic if ingested or mishandled.

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