Home Plants Sinocrassula Yunnanensis – Features, How to Grow and Care

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis – Features, How to Grow and Care

by gardeningit
Sinocrassula Yunnanensis

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis plants from the family of succulents are incredibly adorable botanical creatures that look like tiny hedgehogs. They have small, spiky foliage that is dense, clumped together, and resembles the shape of a rosette. Because these are succulents, they originate from the deserts and have a very resilient, tough exterior, which makes them tolerant against droughts, warm temperatures, and dry air. To top it off, Sinocrassula Yunnanensis’ care is very simple as well. Because of all these favorable features as houseplants, green-lovers around the world adore this little cactus and love to add it to their collections.

Classification

  • Family: Crassulaceae
  • Genus: Sinocrassula

About the Genus Sinocrassula

Sinocrassula means “Chinese crassula”. These Sinocrassula plants grow in the shape of rosettes with leaves that are fleshy in texture. These plants are generally small, growing up to a height of around 20 centimeters. They bloom during the flowering season and grow flowers that are white and have reddish petals. All of these plants are evergreen, perennial succulents that like to live in warm, dry areas and can tolerate extreme temperatures and water-deficient conditions very nicely.

Common Names and Synonyms

  • Chinese Jade
  • Crassula Yunnanensis
  • Sedum Sinocrassula Yunnanensis
  • Sinocrassula Yunnanensis Black

Origin and Distribution

The Sinocrassula succulents come from the province of China, Yunnan, and the north of Burma. However, the beautiful Sinocrassula Yunnanensis black succulents, in particular, are native to South-Western China and the Northern and Southern areas of Burma. They are also found in the North-Western parts of India and Bhutan.

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis Plant Features

Foliage and Stem

These plants have dark green leaves and look like a tiny hedgehog. The fleshy, velvety leaves grow as long as 3.5 centimeters, in the form of clumps, and are round near the base but flatten as they grow outwards. They end with a pointy trip and have really small fine hair all over their surface. They are densely packed together in the shape of a rosette.

Evergreen

These plants have an evergreen nature, so if kept under the right conditions, they maintain their lush, attractive appearance throughout the year in every season. This makes them an excellent choice as an ornamental plant to be displayed and flaunted around the house. This also makes them a suitable gift to be given to plant-loving people.

Height

The small Sinocrassula Yunnanensis cacti have an adorable size and grow as tall as 4 inches. This makes it easier for them to be displayed on shelves and tables and be moved around the house.

Temperature Tolerance

As mentioned before, these plants are native to the drier, warmer areas of the world, so they can tolerate fluctuating temperatures very well. You will not have to worry about their well-being during the hot days of summer or the cold nights of winter.

Humidity Tolerance

Generally, these succulents like to live in drier environments. The only moisture that they prefer is in their soil, that too for a very short period. So, make sure that these plants are being kept under minimal to zero humidity and no moisture is sitting on their leaves for too long. Keep them a good distance away from humidifiers and air conditioners.

Flowers

The Sinocrassula Yunnanensis succulents bloom in summer or autumn but once it blooms, the plant dies and is replaced by the new succulent growing near it. During the flowering season, these rosette-like structures elongate and grow small, white flowers that have six petals, on an inflorescence that is about 4 inches in length.

Drought-resistance

Yunnanensis succulents are generally drought-tolerant because they can store a lot of water in their leaves. This means that they do not die immediately under water-deficient, warm and dry conditions.

Pressure Tolerance

Because of their tough, fleshy foliage, these plants are reasonably pressure-tolerant and do not die immediately if accidentally pressed on. They can also tolerate moderate amounts of pressure from any surrounding objects. However, in the long run, this will cause them problems while they grow and they may not be able to bloom to their full potential. So, make sure that they are sitting somewhere with a lot of space around them so that they can bloom freely.

Disease and Pest Resistance

Even though these cacti are pretty tough and have a strong exterior, they are not entirely safe from pests and diseases. Mealybugs, aphids, slugs, and snails are a common problem for these plants and so are fungal diseases. Yunnanensis succulents living under inappropriate or inadequate environments are especially prone to these problems, so the best way to avoid them is to keep the plants under optimum conditions and make sure that they are always clean and dry.

Growth

These plants take months to germinate and are slow growers but can show improvement if given the right care and conditions to thrive. Even still, you will have to show a lot of patience and consistency when growing these plants indoors.

Toxicity

Unfortunately, Yunnanensis plants are very toxic to pets, so make sure that you keep them out of their reach. If accidentally ingested, seek immediate medical help.

Durability

If given the proper Sinocrassula Yunnanensis care, these plants have a perennial life cycle and can last from years to decades. This makes them an excellent choice for display, as you will not have to worry about replacing them every few months and also makes them very economical since replacing plants often can cost you quite a lot.

Maintenance

Given that they do not require regular watering, feeding, or grooming, these plants are extremely low-maintenance and can be grown very easily. This is good news for people who do not have a lot of time on their hands to tend to the needs of their gardens and plant ornaments.

Dormancy

Interestingly, these plants go into a phase of dormancy during the hot days of summer, so their water requirements decrease even more during this time. It is best if you just give them plenty of water at a time and then leave them alone until the soil has thoroughly dried up.

Varieties

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis F. Cristata is a monstrous hybrid specie of the plant.

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Sinocrassula Yunnanensis Care

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis require moderately warm temperatures and bright, sun-lit environments. They require feeding and watering once every few days or weeks, only when the soil becomes completely dry. Also, you will not need to re-pot them for a good couple of years, unless they are sick.

Water Requirements

These plants store water for days and do not need frequent watering. Use the soak and dry method. Water your plant thoroughly once and then let it dry completely for a few days or weeks. Because these are cacti, they are especially sensitive to being over-watered. Only water these plants again once the soil is completely dry and never let excess water sit around its roots. It is recommended that you use a watering pot that has a narrow nozzle so that you can target the water directly into the soil and not on the succulent’s foliage.

Soil Requirements

A well-draining soil, that has a slightly acidic PH around 6.0, is ideal for these succulents. You can use the regular cactus mix for these plants. Just make sure that the substrate drains well and does not hold any water in it. A water-clogged soil is the last thing that you want for these Sinocrassula Yunnanensis black succulents.

Sunlight

Because of their cacti origins, these plants love the sun. You can put them under bright lights but make sure that they do not sit exposed to the scorching sun for too long. During the brightest, hottest days of summer, you should put these plants in partial shade. Giving them the proper sunlight is essential to maintain their beautiful, rich color.

Temperature

The best temperature range to grow these plants is from 18 to 21 degrees Celsius. During the winter, this temperature range can go down as 10 degrees Celsius. These desert-loving plants love warm temperatures to grow in and have a moderate to high tolerance in terms of dry, warm climates. So, you do not have to worry much about them during warm summers or the cold days of winter.

Humidity

These plants do not have very high humidity requirements. To be fair, they do not have any humidity requirements at all. They like to live in moderately dry environments and do not appreciate moisture on their surface. Do not mist these plants very often and keep them away from the other moisture-loving plants.

Fertilizer

Young, growing Yunnanensis succulents need more fertilizer than some people think. You can start with plant food that has lesser nitrogen content when the plant is immature and growing. As it matures, you can shift to a balanced fertilizer. Opting for controlled-release plant food is highly recommended during the beginning of the growing season. During the rest of the year, you can feed it with a weak, diluted fertilizer solution.

Re-potting

To repot your plant, simply remove it from its current pot, brush off any excess soil on the roots and remove any dead or diseased parts from the plant. You can treat any wounds or damage, or simply remove them while trimming the plant. Shift the plant to its new pot and fill it with an appropriate potting mix. Do not water it before at least a week. It is recommended that you repot these plants every 3 years unless a fungal or pest-attack emergency comes up. The best time to do this is the summer or spring season.

Grooming and Pruning

You can prune these plants all around the year, except for the winter season. Simply remove the dead or infected leaves with your hand or with a sharp knife, if necessary.

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis Propagation

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis plants are generally propagated by dividing the plant, using the off-springs, or via leaf cuttings. Start by sanitizing your tools and equipment and wearing protective garments over your hands and face.

  • Simply remove a leaf cutting, preferably with your hand instead of a sharp blade or knife. Wait 24 hours before you pot it.
  • If you use a blade, wait for a few days for the cut end to heal properly.
  • Once dried and healed, place it in a container with a suitable cactus mix.
  • Now, cover the container, water it appropriately under optimum conditions, and wait for it to sprout.
  • Once the roots develop nicely, you can shift the plant to a bigger pot without damaging the baby succulent.

If you want to propagate these plants via their seeds, sow them as soon as they are ripe.

  • Separate the seeds from the plant and clean them.
  • Leave the seeds sitting uncovered on the soil.
  • Put them under moderate temperatures between 13 and 18 degrees Celsius and water them as needed.

Timeline

Weeks 1-6: Place your leaf cutting or seed in the cactus mix and give it the right care and conditions to grow.

Months 2-3: Roots will finally start to develop nicely by this time, and you can shift the baby plant to a bigger container soon.

Months 6-12: These succulents will take their time to grow to their full size. Meanwhile, just be consistent and continue giving them good care and the environment.

Some Common FAQs

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis Looks Soft and Wilted. What Do I Do?

This could be the result of either overwatering the plant or an underlying fungal infection. To figure out which one it is, monitor your plant’s watering routine. Make sure you are only watering the plant once the soil is completely dry. To rule out an infection, inspect the plant thoroughly. See if the roots and leaves have an even, healthy color. If they look unwell, they probably are.

In this case, isolate the plant immediately so that the infection does not spread to the other plants around it.  Remove the plant from its current pot and clean it by dusting off the excess soil. Prune and trim the dead parts of the plant and apply fungicide where and as needed. Preferably, repot the plant into a new container with fresh soil.

Displaying Sinocrassula Yunnanensis Plant

You can display these plants in gravel gardens, pavements, around rocks and in small containers and pots. Their adorable small size allows them to be put on shelves, coffee tables, and on your nightstands. Their dark green-black foliage will add an elegant pop of color into your sophisticated interiors. But this does not restrict them to monotone surroundings only. You can put them in colorful rooms and environments and they will still look equally gorgeous sitting next to your books or other ornaments.

You can also gift these tiny plants to your house plant enthusiast friends as these are small, adorable, and incredibly easy to maintain. They are evergreen and last for years on end.
These dark, gothic succulents are also a great idea for using as an ornament during the Halloween time of the year.

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis for Sale

When looking for a Sinocrassula plant for sale, make sure you thoroughly examine it for any diseases, infections, or unnatural growth. Look under and behind the clumped leaves to make sure the plant is perfectly healthy.

Final Thoughts

Sinocrassula Yunnanensis succulent plants are beautiful tiny cacti that are easy to grow, maintain, as well as a display around the house. They are slow growers but have a simple propagation method. You can easily find a Sinocrassula Yunnanensis for sale online and in the local botanical market. However, these are toxic to pets and children so you want to keep these plants out of their reach at all times.

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