Philodendron white princess is the most rarely found member of the philodendron family. With beautiful splashes of white adding beauty to its foliage. This species of philodendron is marvelous for interior decorations because of their closely spaced foliage and dense stems which permits them to stay erect for longer times.
If you are still not amazed by its unique appearance then its environmental benefits will grab your attention. This unique looking plant is actually a wise addition to your indoor gardening zone because it purifies air in your surroundings. Like all other philodendrons, the White princess also absorbs harmful chemical components from environs like benzene and makes it more healthy and breathable.
- Family: Araceae
- Subfamily: Aroideae
- Genus: Philodendron
About the Genus Philodendron
Philodendron is a genus of blossoming plants that belong to the Araceae family. With more than 420 different species, this species is considered to be the second-biggest individual genus from the family Araceae. Philodendrons are known to be gathered from the wild by Georg Marcgraf in 1644.
The name is derived from the Greek word Philo which means affection or friendship and dendron which means tree. Its name shows how these plants take support from residing trees and other plants. Their leaves make them stand out because they are usually larger, lobed, oval, profoundly cut, or spear-shaped and possess numerous different patterns, designs, and color patches on the surface. What makes it unique is, this genus does not possess a solitary pattern or color of the leaf on the same plant.
The formation of cataphyll is also a property of philodendron, cataphyll is a green leaf-like structure that protects newly formed leaves under it. This species usually has have both underground and aerial roots. The air roots are produced because they permit the plant to attach or support itself to a tree or to gather water and supplements from plants.
Origin and Distribution
Philodendron was first found in 1644 from the wild and was named in the year 1829. It is an individual genus from the Araceae family. Its origins are found in Colombia, Venezuela, and Caribbean areas yet later on it was found to be grown in different parts of Asia. It has several kinds and species in which around 10 were elevated as house plants due to its size and growth habits.
Philodendron White Princess Features
Foliage and Stem
These collections make magnificent house plants because of their treasure of delightful foliage and firmly stable stems which permit them to grow vertically. It has a similar appearance as the white knight but its stem makes it different as the white knight has a pink-purplish stem whereas the white princess has a glossy green stiff stem. The strangely decorative foliage with glossy dark green and light green with arbitrary sprinkles of sparkling white chromatic patterns or asymmetrical half-white leaves make it rarer than all of its kind.
Like any other di or trichromatic plant, the leaves with more white splashes/side means more gradual development due to less chlorophyll present in the formation. The leaves are usually oval-shaped with 20-30 cm long growth.
Its evergreen nature makes it a brilliant addition to your indoors because it stays fresh and glossy all year. If taken care of, this plant will add beauty to your interior and its properties will purify your environment as well.
Another reason why the philodendron white princess is a perfect fit for you indoors is its compact size. Its average height is around 3.2 feet which makes it easier to keep anywhere you like.
To make your white princess healthy and glossy, you need to keep it in slightly cooler to mild cool temperatures. Its temperature tolerance is between 18°C to 23°C which is usually the average indoor temperature. It might appear dull or lifeless if kept in higher or lower temperatures for prolonged timing.
Philodendron white princess, having origins in humid areas prefer medium to high humidity. You can sprinkle water onto their surfaces to make them dewy or place them in humid spots. Their humidity range is around 60-80%.
Being a humidity-loving plant, the white princess cannot withstand a dry atmosphere. Like all other native to rainforest plants, their drought resistance is very low. Humidity is necessary for their survival.
Philodendron white princess is not a delicate or sensitive plant when it comes to pressure tolerance. However, high pressure can slow down its growth and it might not be able to reach its maximum length. It is preferable to keep it in spacious spaces.
Disease and Pest Resistance
The most commonly found disease and vermin that you can come across while taking care of White Princess are either aphids or small mealy bugs. Mealybugs are usually white oval cottony-looking webs on your plants, can be found near stems or leaves. These mealybugs can also cause a yellowing, twisting, or dry-looking appearance to your leaves. They cause harm to the plant by sucking the fluid. They are usually more attracted to newly grown leaves. Aphids on the other hand can cause your white princess to turn yellow with contorted leaves. They leave behind a sugary sticky substance on the surface which causes damage to plant health.
Like all other dichromatic plants, Philodendron white princess’s growth rate is slow. However, no growth might be an indication of fewer nutrients.
If the optimum amount of nutrients are provided to the plants then all you need is patience as these plants have less chlorophyll formation.
Philodendron White Princess needs to kept in a safe place, away from pets and children as it is a toxic plant. It contains a calcium oxalate compound which is an unsafe constituent for humans and other creatures as well. If accidentally consumed, it can make mild to extreme physical or internal manifestations spreading from an upset stomach to swollen lips and tongue and can cause severe breathlessness. If comes in contact with the skin, it can cause irritated skin and other allergies.
Thus, it is suggested to wear gloves and take other safety precautions while taking care of them, also place them far from your infants and pets. If inadvertently ingested, try to find quick medical care.
Like all philodendrons, the White princess is also a tolerant, easy to grow, and durable plant. These plants don’t need much care and can stay healthy for years however, insufficient nutrition and inadequate care can make it die sooner.
These plants are pretty low maintained, as they only need suitable temperature humidity, and an adequate amount of water to grow and they maintain on their own.
These amazing plants hibernate during the winter season, which means that they stop growth and activity in December, January, and February and usually reactivate in the spring season. They conserve food and energy in these periods. Plants usually do this to survive the coldest period of the year just like animals. It is suggested to leave your white princess to sleep during cold weather and not propagate.
Philodendron White Princess Care
Philodendron white princess has certain care procedures to follow in order to help them flourish. Being a mesic plant, requires watering once in 3 days, but misting every now and then will make it look fresh. Its soil pH preferences are moderately acidic (5.6 – 6.6) and neutralized (6.6 – 7).
Watering is an essential part of plant care. An adequate amount of water can make a plant grow and flourish. To save your white princess from decay and rotting, you need to water it according to its requirements. Plants are delicate and won’t endure an excess or shortage of water. Flaccidly hanging leaves can be an indication that the plant needs care. If you water them adequately the leaves will recover rapidly.
When watering a philodendron white princess you need to take care of the fact that the soil should be damp and not too wet or soaked. While watering, wait for the soil to absorb as much water as it can before watering it more. So, you can stop watering if the soil seems adequately wet. To check dampness, you can embed your finger in soil about half an inch to see if it is watered perfectly.
For the white princess, the perfect time to take care, or to water them is around April to September as it is their growth period. In these months, keep the soil a bit soggy and not too drenched. Just make sure not to dry out or leave the dirt un-watered completely as it can make the beautiful foliage shrivel.
The appropriate soil for the white princess would be soil that has maximum water absorbency. A combination of perlite soil with orchid bark and premium fertilized soil would be a perfect mix. This will help insufficient water absorbancy because they have air pockets for water to reach the roots, which is fundamental for the growth of any plant.
To help in surviving the cold winter periods, the soil needs to be as absorbent as possible. White Princess requires soggy and well-depleting soil. Perlite is the perfect fit for philodendrons as an additive for preparing a blend to assure satisfactory water depletion. White princess cultivates well in soil that contains excessive organic matters in higher amounts. Other than that, any well-depleting garden soil will content the houseplant. To avoid root/plant decay, refrain from using spongy or sodden soil.
Light is essential for any plant to grow because chlorophyll formation requires sunlight. For best development, White Princess needs to be positioned in a place where it gets an appropriate amount of light. If you find your white princess foliage turning yellow, then it might be a sign that it is getting more light than required. Besides, if you find your plant long or leggy then, it can a sign of not getting the right amount of light.
Placing a white princess where it gets an adequate amount of light can be a challenge. However, if you put it in a place where it gets bright yet indirect light then it is good to go. Philodendron erubescens cannot withstand direct sun exposure as it can make the leaves turn yellow. These plants don’t require much attention and flourish well indoors and just want a window head towards southeast or west to get the best indirect daylight.
Just look for a place or area in the indoor garden or the house where humidity and daylight are present. On the odds, if you don’t have such a place like that, you can place them under a shed or soffit.
These plants can do well in medium to high temperatures as they belong to tropical regions. They can withstand lower temperatures to 55˚F and higher temperatures till 80˚F. Though, it would be great for the white princess’s life if indoor temperatures are maintained in this range during winters as well.
These humidity-loving plants need a humidity level of 50% or above. Low levels of humidity can make it look less lively as these plants have a green fresh and lustrous appearance to their foliage. To provide the required amount of humidity, you can keep it in a humid place or near a humidifier. You can also mist its leaves with a spray to save it from drying. Even in the winter/dry season, these plants need humidity but not in an excessive amount as they are in dormancy during that time.
Nutritions are very important for the growth of philodendron Erubescens, If you notice the growth of smaller or pale leaves then it is an indication of magnesium or calcium deficiency in plants. If you want to see your white princess flourish then, the best time to fertilize it is from spring to summer season, as it is the time of growth. Fertilizers should be fed after the 6th -8th week in the winter season.
Grooming and Pruning
Pruning and grooming play an important part in maintains the white princess. The best time to prune these philodendrons is just before the spring season so they can grow in the right direction. If you find leaves to be pale or yellow, there’s no harm in cutting them off. Since the white princess is a toxic plant, make sure to clean tools and hands.
To propagate Philodendron White Princess, you need to use a sterilized or sanitized knife. Then take a 4-5 inch long piece from the plant. Cut all the leaves away leaving a few at the topmost point. Place that piece of the stem in the pot with soil and water. Then leave it in a damp and warm place, where it can get an adequate amount of daylight.
These plants not only make your environment better but also add up to the aesthetics of your indoor garden. With its pure white and luscious green leaves, it can be a unique addition to your collection. The best part about this white princess philodendron is it requires very little to no maintenance. It can be a perfect fit for any corner or stand due to its size.