Philodendron Paraiso Verde is another beautiful plant from the philodendron family. It has long, stunning, and statement leaves growing on small stems. If you are looking for a low-maintenance, gorgeous plant for your indoor settings, you will love this species. It’s a rare one so it might be a little hard to get your hands on it, but if you do, it’s a worthy purchase and beautiful addition to your houseplant collection.
To find out more about what it looks like, how to take care of it, and how to propagate it at home, keep on reading.
- Family: Arum
- Subfamily: Araceae
- Genus: Philodendron
About the Genus Philodendron
Philodendrons are tree-loving plants in the sense that they grow by climbing on trunks and branches next to them. They were first brought forward in the early 1640s and 6 different species were identified and collected. Soon, several different additions made their way into the category from different parts of the world. The genus was created and officially named as Philodendron by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott in 1829. Today, a total of 800 species lie under this umbrella. They are all unique in terms of shapes, colors, and sizes, but they are all equally popular for their beautiful, bright college. Philodendrons are a very popular ornamental plant type.
Origin and Distribution
Philodendron plants were first identified in the 1600s, as mentioned earlier, and since then, hundreds of species have been added to this genius. Most of these plants are found growing in tropical regions of America as well as the West Indies. However, these plants are very popularly known for their diverse habitats. They prefer the humid and shady environment of a tropical rainforest, which is why indoor settings are perfect for them. They are also found growing beside river banks and swamps, so it is evident that they love moisture.
Philodendron Paraiso Verde Features
Foliage and Stem
Its leaves are its primary feature, and it’s not surprising that these plants are popular for this reason. They have beautiful, long, green leaves that sometimes have different shades of green on their surface. This variegation depends on the environment that they are put in. If you receive the optimum and equal amounts of sunlight, the entire leaf will be of an even color. In the case of irregular sunlight distribution, you might see some shades of light and darker green on the foliage. Plus, the leaves can grow as long as several inches ranging from 5 to 10 inches.
The stem, however, is smaller than the leaves. If the plant grows bigger, it might need some support to stay upright as the stems will not be able to hold the weight of the leaves. Using external support in the form of a rod or a taller vase will be ideal.
All Philodendrons have evergreen foliage. They stay bright and beautiful throughout the year, not affected by the seasons passing by.
In total, under good care, these plants can grow as tall as 10 to 15 inches in height. As mentioned earlier, they might need some sort of external support once they reach their maximum size.
Because Philodendron Paraiso Verde is a tropical plant in origin, it can do well in warmer temperatures. However, cold is not an ally. It is best if you keep the plant indoors or in a warmer spot of the house during the frosty winter season. Extreme temperature fluctuations are not well-tolerated by this species.
Like all other philodendrons, these plants love humidity in the air. It prefers high levels of 65 to 70% of moisture in the air and can tolerate percentages even higher than this. Thus, if you live in humid environments, your plant will be very happy.
Since these plants like humidity in the air and moisture in their soil, they will probably not do well under dry, water-deficient conditions. So, try not to test their capabilities and keep them well-hydrated.
Philodendron Paraiso Verde plants have tough, leathery leaves which not only stop excessive moisture from escaping the plant but also protect them against pressure. Thus, the plant will not immediately die or collapse under acute pressure conditions. However, consistent external pressure should be avoided.
Disease and Pest Resistance
Despite the tough structure, Verde plants are not entirely resistant to diseases and pests. Common issues faced by this species include lead blights, tip burns, leaf spots, and browning of the leaves. Pest problems include aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, and scales.
The common factor between all of these issues is that the plant is especially prone to catching them if it is under inadequate or inappropriate living conditions. Too much humidity or waterlogged soil can be an open invitation to pests and infections.
Thus, the simplest way to avoid all of them all together is by keeping a regular check on your plant. Make sure that your plant is always clean and dry, and that no dust or excessive moisture is accumulating on its surface.
In case of such an incidence, isolate the plant immediately to control the spread of the disease or bug, and use appropriate methods to control it. These methods include using insecticides, fungicides, and other commercial products to kill the unwanted visitors.
The growth rate of this species largely depends on the conditions that it is growing in. Under optimal environments, Philodendron Paraiso Verde plants grow very quickly and start to sprout within weeks. If not, they can take months to grow into considerable size. However, this is not a matter of concern. If you are providing the best you can, just make sure that the plant is growing healthily if not fast.
Like all other philodendrons, this one also contains a harmful substance called calcium oxalate crystals. These crystals cannot be ingested at any cost. They can cause physical signs and symptoms such as swelling, pain, and inflammation in the body, starting from the mouth down to the stomach. Thus, the plant must stay out of reach from children and pets. In case of accidental ingestion, seek immediate medical help.
Since these plants are perennial and very easy to maintain, they last you a very long time. They are rare plants so they are quite an investment. Luckily, they are fairly cost-effective and will live for a long time so that you can get your money’s worth.
Even though the plant is rare and unique, surprisingly, it is quite easy to maintain. They do not ask for anything extra in terms of money, time, and effort, so they are perfect for people who have busy schedules or don’t want to spend much on their plants regularly.
During the cold, winter seasons these plants tend to become slower in terms of growth. You must understand that overfeeding them or watering them more frequently will not make them grow any faster. Let them be, give them water as required, and avoid propagating or pruning them during this period. In a few months, the plant will come back to normal.
Philodendron Paraiso Verde Care
Philodendron Paraiso Verde care requires moist soil to keep the plant well-hydrated. Use high-quality fertilizers and give it lots of sunlight. Just make sure that the sunlight is not direct. The plant has a naturally beautiful growing habit so you don’t have to worry about frequent grooming and pruning.
Water the plant frequently but make sure that the soil has enough time to dry before each session. If you decide to re-water an already wet soil you will saturate the soil and suffocate the plant. To make sure that this does not happen, feel the texture of the soil with your fingers or use a moisture meter to make sure that the top level of the soil is dry. Only then water the plant again.
The water requirements of these plants tend to vary among seasons, increasing during the warm summers and decreasing during the winter season.
Proper drainage in the soil is an essential part of its requirements. If the soil gets water-clogged, the roots will suffocate and die. Thus, the texture of the soil and its ability to drain water while absorbing just the right amount is an important factor that you must not miss. You can use a regular potting mix that is rich and organic for these plants. Just remember to keep it damp.
In terms of light, it wants lots of it, but never directly. You can put the plant in well-lit rooms behind sheer curtains and drapes. However, giving them direct exposure to the sun can be quite damaging to their leaves. First of all, it will burn them. Secondly, if they are variegated plants, it will ruin their beautiful pattern. Because they are of tropical origin, they will prefer shade over direct sunlight. In case you are having trouble finding a suitable spot for them, you can always opt for shade clothes to mellow the light hitting the leaves.
Plants do not have a particular temperature range, at least not that is popularly known. However, it is evident that these tropical plants like warmer temperatures better than the frost. Hence, keep these plants away from direct exposure to harsh temperature fluctuations, like air conditioners, ventilators, and directly in front of an open window.
As mentioned earlier, these plants require a humidity level of at least 65 to 70%, and can also do well in quantities beyond this level. To make sure that the plants are living in maximum air-moisture, there are several ways you can make an effort. Indoor humidifiers have made life easier for houseplant enthusiasts. You can install one in your indoor botanical garden and let it do its job. If not, you can mist the plants regularly with distilled water in a spray bottle. Putting the plant in a pebble tray filled with water is also an effective home remedy to maximize moisture around the Philodendron.
Fertilizing routines depend on the kind of fertilizer being used. If you are using slow-release fertilizers, three sessions in a year are enough. Other fast-release plant foods can be given over weeks, 6 to 8 weeks to be precise, in spring and summer. Fertilizing requirements generally tend to decrease during the winter season when the plant is dormant.
If you feel like the plant’s roots are growing out of the drainage holes, it means that it needs to be re-potted. Such an occurrence usually does not take place for years and it only requires re-potting annually or every couple of years. The best time to do this is in the spring season. Avoid doing it during winters.
Grooming and Pruning
For good, healthy growth, you need to make sure that the plant is clean and dry at all times. Mist the plant with distilled water or Neem oil and wipe it clean. Not only will this make your plant look shiny and bright, but it will also keep away bugs and pests.
Cultivation and Propagation
The ideal way to propagate these plants at home is by stem cuttings. The process is easy and simple. All you need to do is take a few cuttings from a healthy Philodendron Paraiso Verde, plant them in a suitable pot with good, well-drained soil, and put it under optimal conditions. The following steps will make the procedure easier for you.
- Select a healthy plant with no known abnormal growths or diseases.
- Cut off a few stem cuttings using a sharp, clean knife.
- Make sure that you remove all the leaves from the cuttings leaving only two or three.
- Place the cutting in suitable moist soil.
- Put the pot under indirect but bright lights, warm temperature, and lots of humidity.
Week 1-2: Place the cutting in a suitable soil mix and under optimal conditions. Give it lots of water and fertilize it once.
Week 2-3: The cuttings will start to sprout if everything goes right.
Week 3 onwards: Under proper care and consistent irrigation and nutrition, the cuttings will start to develop into healthy Philodendron Paraiso Verde plants. You will notice good development of roots and can shift the plant into a bigger pot. However, you must remember the plant will take its time and it can be weeks and months before it fully develops into a mature size.
Displaying Philodendron Paraiso Verde Plant
The amazing combination of statement leaves and small size makes it perfect to be displayed on tables, shelves, and empty corners. Sophisticated and formal indoor settings such as offices and TV lounges are best suitable for this plant.
Philodendron Paraiso Verde is another beautiful species from the philodendron genus. However, it is a rare plant type so it is not easily available everywhere. If you do get your hands on one of these, consider yourself lucky because not only are they beautiful as ornamental plants, they are very easy to take care and their maintenance is surprisingly simple.