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Philodendron Luxurians – A Diva Plant

by gardeningit
Philodendron Luxurians

Philodendron Luxurians is a rare plant species belonging to the Araceae family of the plant world. This Philodendron is a perfect indoor plant with large, heart-shaped leaves which are deep green. The leaves have a velvety surface which gives an alluring appearance to this plant. This magnificent foliage requires proper care and attention, and thus, it is a high-maintenance plant. But our care guide will make it easy for beginners to care for it.

In this article, we will talk about this rare Philodendron species. We will also learn about its basic needs and how to grow it indoors.

Philodendron Luxurians Classification

  • Family: Araceae
  • Subfamily: Aroideae
  • Genus: Philodendron

Distribution

This Philodendron species is found in the cloud forest of Ecuador. It is the same forest where Philodendron verrucosum originated. Philodendron Luxurians also grow in Columbia, mainly in its Choco province.

Philodendron Luxurians Appearance

Foliage

Philodendron Luxurians have large ovate-shaped leaves, which have a velvety texture. Its blades are dark green above and have purplish violet undersides. There are beautiful white-colored vein networks on these blades. These gorgeous leaves are 15-21 inches long and 12-17 inches wide. This plant is a creeper instead of a climber, so its foliage does not grow straight above.

Flowering

It produces inconspicuous inflorescence, which consists of spadix and spathe only. These are creamy-white colored.

Size

This plant gets as tall as 20 inches in the optimum growing conditions.

Philodendron Luxurians Care

Philodendron Luxurians care includes watering it regularly, once every two days in hot summers and once a week in colder months. You should place it 6ft away from a northern, eastern, or western window. Keep the room humidity around 60% or more, and the surrounding temperature should be 18-25°C. Well-draining soil is ideal for its growth which should be fertilized every month with a balanced NPK fertilizer.

Quick Guide

  • Watering: Once every 2 days in summers and once a week in winters.
  • Soil type: Slightly acidic to neutral well-draining soil.
  • Sunlight: Medium / diffused sunlight.
  • Temperature: 18°C to 25°C.
  • Humidity: <60%.
  • Fertilizer: Once a month.
  • Pruning: Old leaves before the growing season.

Watering Requirements

Philodendron Luxurians is native to the rainforests of Ecuador and Columbia, which means it receives a lot of water due to the frequent rains there. But when grown indoors, you cannot water it abundantly like in its native habitat. This plant does not have as good airflow and draining soil indoors as in the rainforests to absorb all the water. So over-watering can easily lead to root rot.

You should water this plant after a day or two in the summer. On the other hand, the soil takes more time to dry during winters. Therefore, you should water this plant only once every week.

Soil Requirements

This Philo needs acidic to neutral, well-draining soil to grow perfectly. You should use the right-sized pot with a drainage hole. Because without an unclogged drainage hole at the bottom, good soil will do no good to your plant. This way, your plant will still get root rot due to standing water.

You can either use a regular houseplant potting mix for Philodendron Luxurians or make a potting mix yourself. A mixture of potting soil, peat moss, humus, and coarse sand is perfect for this plant. You should also add some leaves to this mixture to increase the organic content of the soil.

Philodendron Luxurians Sunlight

This Philodendron species needs medium sunlight to keep up its proper growth rate. Medium sunlight refers to diffused sun rays or partial shade. Direct sunlight is not good for this plant because it scorches the handsome leaves of this Philo.

The ideal location for the placement of this plant is a spot that is 6 feet away from a window. Southern windows are not recommended because they receive too much direct sunlight all day. It would be best to place this plant near a western, eastern, or northern window in your home.

Temperature Requirements

Philo luxuriant loves warmer environments. The ideal temperature range for this plant is 20°C to 25°C in summers. Temperatures above this range can cause wilting in its leaves.

The preferred temperature range for this Philo in winters is 18°C to 20°C. It is susceptible to cold injuries, so it is best not to leave its pot outdoors in winters.

Sudden temperature changes are also harmful to this plant’s normal growth. Therefore, you should not move it around so much. Keep it in the same warm spot inside your home.

Philodendron Luxurians Humidity

Philodendron Luxurians care involves placing it in a room with more than 60% humidity for the healthy growth of its foliage. This much humidity is impossible to achieve indoors just by misting. So you have to take additional measures to reach this humidity level in your room. Place a bowl of water near this plant or place its pot over a pebble tray to increase air humidity.

Higher humidity levels are difficult to achieve in summer. So, during these months of dry air, you should place your Philo Luxurians in your well-lit bathroom. It is because bathroom humidity always stays above 50-60%.

Fertilizer

Fertilizer is essential for this plant’s proper growth. Without the essential minerals in its soil, your plant will become dull and lifeless with stunted growth. Therefore, you should add fertilizer to it once every month. The best fertilizer for Philodendron Luxurians is a balanced NPK fertilizer. You can also fertilize it twice a month during the peak growing season.

The correct way to fertilize this plant is to use the fertilizer diluted to ½ of its strength. You can decrease its strength by using half quantity as mentioned on the packaging.

There is no need to fertilize this plant in winter. Winter fertilization does more harm than good to this plant because the plant is dormant and does not require any mineral supply.

Pruning

It does not need occasional pruning. Its majestic leaves grow in such an alluring pattern that they do not need any grooming. However, if you notice any dead or diseased leaves, you should remove them immediately. You should use sterilized shears or pruning scissors for this purpose.

Old leaves should be removed before the growing season. But no pruning or cutting is recommended during the months of active growth.

How to Propagate Philodendron Luxurians

This Philo makes an excellent houseplant. So, when it gets bigger, you can propagate it to increase your plant collection. Philodendron Luxurians can be propagated using its stem cuttings. Here is a step-by-step guide for your help.

  • Use sterilized scissors or shears to cut a healthy stem cuttings from this plant.
  • The stem cutting should be 3-6 inches in length. You should cut it just below the node and above another leaf. Moreover, it should have 2-3 leaves on it.
  • Place this stem cutting in potting soil or water for some days.
  • The roots will take 3-4 weeks to form. When new roots emerge from the stem cutting, transplant them into a pot.

Philodendron Luxurians Basic Features

Growth

Philodendron Luxurians is a creeper that grows at a fast rate. For maximum growth, you should provide it with ideal growing conditions. These include bright, indirect sunlight and regular watering. If you want to control its growth, you should prune it more often.

Toxicity

This plant is poisonous for humans and animals. Its leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals that cause skin irritation and swelling if consumed in large amounts. Therefore, you should keep your pets away from this plant.

Drought Tolerance

It is a drought-tolerant plant, so you do not have to worry about it drying up. If your plant goes dormant due to too little watering, you can bounce it back to life by watering it thoroughly and regulating its watering schedule.

Philodendron Luxurians Maintenance

This luxurious species is a high-maintenance plant that needs to be cared for properly. If you are a beginner, you should never start with this Philodendron for your gardening experience.

Dormancy

There is no specific dormancy period for this plant. However, it does slow down its growth rate in too much cold. You can reverse this period by moving its pot to a well-lit, warmer spot.

Common Problems and Their Solutions

Diseases

Root rot and cold injury are common problems of Philodendron Luxurians. Root rot results from overwatering, which also leads to other pest problems. So, to avoid diseases and keep your plant healthy, you should prevent overwatering.

Another common problem of this plant is the yellowing of its leaves. This happens when you use chlorine-containing water to water your plant. Chlorine attracts nematode insects to the roots and soil, which then damages the root system of this plant. Therefore, you should use rainwater or bottled water to water this plant.

Pests

The two common pests that attack Philo Luxuriant are aphids and scale insects. If your plant has any of these two pests, you should use a pesticide or insecticidal soap to keep the pests away.

The chances of a pest infestation are high in a humid environment or when the foliage stays wet too long. Therefore, you should always wipe the leaves after watering or spraying your plant.

Philodendron Luxurians FAQ

Why Does Philodendron Luxurians Have Dry Specks on Leaves?

Dry spots on the foliage or leaf surface are due to too much direct sun. It means your plant leaves are getting sunburnt. In such a condition, you should move it to a shady spot. You can also place it in a place that receives indirect sunlight.

Is Philodendron Luxurians a Rare Plant?

Yes, it is a rare plant that grows in the Colombian and Ecuadorian forests. If you have one of these Philos in your home, you can grow your collection by propagating its stem cuttings.

When Should I Re-pot Philodendron Luxurians?

This Philodendron grows at a fast rate. It doubles its size in 1-2 years. Therefore, it should be re-potted once every two years. It is best to move it to a new pot that is two times bigger than the previous one. You should also fertilize the plant when repotting it and change its potting soil as well.

Conclusion

Philodendron Luxurians is a tropical, evergreen plant that is also grown indoors as a houseplant. It has dark-green, heart-shaped leaves that can grow as long as 20 inches. Due to the large size of its leaves, you can grow this Philo as a patio or foyer plant. You can also place it in your living room corner as a backdrop for your other small plants.

It is a high-maintenance species but becomes easy to care for once you learn about its basic needs. Now that you have an easy-care guide for this plant, you can buy one for yourself and grow it in your home.

Have a look at our Philodendron Pseudoverrucosum article next. Philodendron Pseudoverrucosum is also a rare Philodendron species.

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