Philodendron comes in multiple varieties of plants and all of them are greatly unique in their appearance and properties. Some of the plants from this specific family-like Philodendron Serpens and Philodendron Sodiroi have been the favorite of quite a lot of plant fanatics. One of the most loved categories from the Philodendron series the Hastatum. In the botanical world, it is commonly known as Philodendron Hastatum or Philodendron Silver Sword because of its appearance.
Let’s talk about this one in detail!
Philodendron Hastatum is a very common houseplant that adds an abundance of beauty everywhere. The plant is native to Southeastern Brazil and unfortunately, it has been listed as an endangered species of plants due to excessive cutting of plants for a variety of reasons. For this reason, it is rare to find but still many people have them placed in their homes.
Apart from its beauty, the low maintenance nature of this plant is also one of the major factors why so many people prefer this over others. Unfortunately, the plant is not as common and rather rare, so finding it might be a task for you. Also, we believe that being rare is another reason why we cherish it because anything beautiful but rare attracts us more than anything else in the world.
The appearance is smooth and glossy which gives a perfect shade of gray, green, and silver. The elongated blades enhance the beautiful colors of this plant-like never before. We bet once you see it live, you wouldn’t resist bringing it back home. No doubt, it acts as a very effective stress reliever that we all need in this day and age.
Philodendron Hastatum Care and Growth
For proper Philodendron Hastatum care, you would need well-drained and loose soil that must be fertilized with a liquid houseplant fertilizer. Also, it needs to be watered once the top layer of the soil is dry. Moreover, the plant requires bright indirect sunlight to boost its growth.
Philodendron thrives well in loose and well-drained soil that includes the minimum of inorganic matter. Moreover, the soil needs to be moist to get the desired results.
Every plant needs a certain amount of water to grow and so does Philodendron Hastatum. However, this does not mean you need to water it all the time because there are conditions that you must follow to help the plant grow well. Don’t water the plant continuously. It is important to let the soil dry before you move on to the next watering session. Most importantly, the top inch of soil should be dried out and you can check it by inserting half of your index finger in the soil.
If you notice the leaves to be droopy then it means the plant is going through water intoxication or dehydration so you need to manage watering schedules accordingly.
The best part about Philodendron Silver Sword is that it recovers easily once you are on the right track when watering the plant. There’s no need to panic over it!
Philodendron Hastatum’s care is not only limited to soil and water. You need to take care of its lighting needs as well. The plant feeds on bright and indirect sunlight so put it around the window but make sure that it does not get direct exposure to sunlight because it can cause the plant to burn.
The leaves turning yellow means that the plant is having overexposure to heat. In this case, you need to relocate the plant as soon as possible otherwise the damage may be irreversible.
However, if the stems turn long it is a sign of less sunlight. You will have to relocate the plant in this scenario as well.
Put it anywhere with bright and indirect sunlight.
Philodendron Hastatum needs to be fertilized with a liquid houseplant fertilizer with macro-nutrients in it. Water it with fertilizer every month during spring and summer. And in winter, it should be a minimum of six and a maximum of eight weeks. If the growth is slow despite fulfilling its fertilizing needs then it means the amount of fertilizer is not enough or you are simply using a low-quality or wrong type of fertilizer.
18-25 degrees is the ideal temperature to grow a Philodendron silver sword. If the temperatures in your area are lower or higher than the mentioned bracket then the plant will not grow as expected. You should think of getting a plant that goes well with the climate of your region in such a situation.
Philodendron Hastatum Pests and Diseases
The plant is beautiful and there’s no denying it. However, it is highly prone to getting certain infections, diseases, and pests which may prove to be fatal if left untreated. Some of the common problems include the following.
- Erwinia Blight
- Pseudomonas Leaf Spot
- Xanthomonas Leaf Spot and Tip Burn
There are quite a lot of factors that contribute to diseases. Like humans, plants are also prone to getting stressed when their basic needs are not being fulfilled properly. For example, if you under or over-water the plant, it is most likely to react in unexpected ways. Timely identification of any problem with the plant reduces the risk element by a great deal.
Apart from watering, the type of fertilizers and how you fertilize also have a significant role to play in causing disease in silver sword philodendron.
To prevent the plant from all types of diseases, you need to take care of their lighting, watering, fertilizing, and other needs. You do not worry about your plant catching a disease when you are taking care of it properly.
If the plant gets infected by any chance, here is what you need to do:
- Isolate the sick plant on an immediate basis
- Remove a few leaves at a time if more than one-third of the plant seems infected
- Keep the plant in cool and dry conditions with adequate indirect sunlight, water, and fertilizers.
The plant does recover if the infection hasn’t gone too far.
Philodendron Hastatum Toxicity
No doubt, the plant has unmatched beauty but did you know Philodendron plants tend to be toxic? If you have them in their house, you need to be vigilant when there are children and pets around. Inhaling any substance from the plant can cause serious health issues.
The plant is solely for enjoying the greenery and not consuming so be careful!
Philodendron Hastatum Timeline
Day 1: Planting a stem cutting from the parent plant in moist soil or water.
Day 3-20: Put the plant in its desired temperature and light conditions. The plants in the soil need to be watered in low quantities every three days.
Day 20-50: Keep watering the plant but wait for the soil to drain out the water in between.
Day 50-90: You will notice its roots showing up and also tiny heart-shaped leaves. During this period, keep the plant under observation.
Day 90-170: The plant will start growing further and new leaves will start emerging. The length, width, and health of the plant will show progression. By this time, watering twice a week will be enough, however, the soil should be dry before you water it more. A little amount of fertilizer can be helpful at this stage.
Plants grown using the water propagation method can be now moved to the soil.
Day 170-190: At this point, your plant must have become self-sufficient, but you are still not exempted from taking care of its basic needs such as watering, light, etc. Moreover, the vines will become long and climb up the wall or any other support nearby.
Day 190-300: By this point, the temperatures will be lowered so the plant will need to be shifted to a warm area with adequate sunlight. Also, alter the watering schedule by doing it once or twice every month.
Day 300-350: This is the arrival of spring and has Tatum’s favorite season. Growth will be fast and the quality of the plant will go through a significant improvement. Water the plant thrice a week during this stage and also add fertilizers to it.
Day 350 and Above: The weather is likely to turn hot so watering every other day is crucial at this point. Moreover, maintain the right humidity level and fertilize it once a month until the next season arrives.
Philodendron Hastatum Fast Facts
- It can reach up to 3 meters of height in a pot and the ancient ones grew even above that.
- The growth of philodendron has Tatum is fast compared to other plants in the same family.
- It is somewhat a low maintenance plant and hence it attracts many plant fanatics.
- Although the plant is rare, it is still grown in some parts of the world and most people use it for decorative purposes.
- The color and shape of the leaves change as they grow older.
- A mature hastatum starts producing white flowers and this is usually after a decade or more.
- Philodendron has a strong immunity towards diseases and pests, it is still prone to catching many diseases if it is not taken care of.
Where Can You Buy Philodendron Hastatum?
You no longer need to hop between different nurseries to find the plant. Various online platforms such as Amazon are selling the plant. Most online sellers tell you how to take care of the plant for your convenience. We believe, ordering them online is the best solution and you must get the plant if you want to bring a comforting element to your house or office.