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Monstera Laniata – The Fenestrated Evergreen

by gardeningit
Monstera Laniata

Monstera Laniata is an exotic tropical plant. It is a gorgeous houseplant that can get 12 feet tall when grown in ideal conditions. It has beautiful broad leaves that are 24 inches long and have oval fenestrations. This big leafy plant is a climbing variety and looks gorgeous when grown in a hanging basket. Let’s discover more amazing features of this tropical vine.

Origin

It is a variety of the Monstera Adansonii plant. It is a rare plant native to the tropical forests of South America.

What does Monstera Laniata look like?

The leaves of a Monstera Laniata are broad and have holes. They have a glossy texture. The shape of the leaves is oval with pointed tips. Once they are mature, they turn light green to deep green.

The fenestrations in the leaves are closer to their veins. This plant also has a variegated form. Monstera Adansonii Laniata variegated have white patches over its blades that develop due to a genetic mutation. This variegated plant has a slower growth rate than its parent variety.

Difference between Monstera Adansonii and Laniata

The pattern of their leaf fenestrations tells us the difference between Monstera Adansonii and Laniata. Leaves of Monstera Adansonii have randomly placed fenestrations. However, in Monstera Laniata, the holes appear in two strips on either side of the midline of the vein.

Moreover, Monstera Adansonii has much greener leaves than its subspecies, Monstera Laniata.

Other Monstera Laniata Features

Drought tolerance

This tropical plant is drought-tolerant to some extent. It can survive a few days without a water supply. But lack of water supply for many days can lead to its death.

Maintenance

It is a low-maintenance plant. If you grow it in your home, this rare species will not need any special treatment. It requires basic care, just like any other easy-growing houseplant.

Dormancy

When it gets too cold, this plant enters dormancy. During the dormant or resting stage, the plant stops growing. Its water and fertilization need also decrease.

Monstera Laniata Care

Monstera Laniata care involves weekly watering and monthly fertilization. You should not water this plant until 40% of its soil is dry. For fast growth, it should be placed under medium to bright sunlight.

The ideal temperature range for this plant is 16-28°C, and the ideal humidity is 60-90%. It should be repotted every 1 to 2 years, and its soil should also be changed while repotting. Use a well-draining, organic-rich soil for this Monstera variety.

Quick Guide

SoilWell-draining potting mix.
LightMedium to bright indirect sunlight.
WaterWhen soil gets 40% dry; weekly watering.
Humidity60 to 90%.
Temperature(61-82°F)
FertilizerOnce a month during spring and summer.
RepottingEvery 1-2 years.

Soil

It should be potted in loose, well-draining soil. It will let the excess water flow out through the drainage hole.

The best soil type for your plant is one containing sphagnum peat moss or perlite. Both these ingredients increase drainage of the soil and facilitate ventilation.

Appropriate Pot Size and Type

The pot you use for this plant should have at least one drainage hole. Do not use a pot the same size as the plant’s root ball, because then it will stop any further growth of its roots. Use a 2 inch bigger pot, preferably a concrete pot.

Light

This plant prefers medium to bright sunlight to grow properly. Direct sunlight is harmful to this plant because it can burn the leaves. Keep your plant under some shade where it can get indirect sunlight. An east or south-facing window is perfect for this matter.

If you use artificial light, make sure to keep 30 inches away from the plant’s foliage.

Water

Monstera Adansonii Laniata thrives in slightly moist soil. Before watering your plant, check its dryness by inserting your finger 3 inches deep into the soil. If 40% of the soil is dry, it means your plant is ready to be watered again. Repeat the method thrice a week.

The watering requirement increases during summer because moisture evaporates quickly from the soil in summers. The opposite happens in winters. This plant needs less watering in the colder months.

Humidity

The optimal humidity levels are between 60-90%. If there is a significant drop in humidity due to warm or dry weather, you should spray the leaves with water. You can also get an air humidifier to regulate humidity.

You can get a hygrometer to check humidity levels regularly. Another way to increase humidity for this plant is by placing a bowl filled with water near its pot.

Temperature

The ideal temperature range for Monstera Laniata is 16-28°C (61-82°F). Lower temperature can cause a cold injury to this plant to the point that the plant ceases to grow.

Fertilizer

Fertilizing your plant once a month during summer and spring is essential. However, during other months, you can increase this time gap to about once after every three months.

You can use a liquid or slow-release fertilizer for this plant. Whichever fertilizer you use, make sure to dilute it to half its strength before applying it to the soil.

Pruning

This plant can grow 12 feet in height, and leaves can grow up to 24 inches in length. If you want to keep the size limited, you can prune it once at the beginning of spring. It will give a nicely trimmed and neat shape to your plant.

How to Repot Monstera Laniata?

Repot your plant when it overgrows its pot. If its roots start growing out of the drainage hole, it means the plant is rootbound and needs to be repotted.

Here are other signs that show your plant needs repotting.

  • It has slower growth.
  • It has leggy growth.
  • The leaves start turning yellow or brown.

Follow these steps to repot your plant.

Step 1: Water the plant beforehand.

Watering your plant 2-3 days before repotting is very important. It will help soften up the soil. Plus, this way, the plant and the pot can easily be separated.

Step 2: Take out the plant.

Take out this plant from its pot by tilting it and tapping on the base of the pot.

Step 3: Check the roots.

Check if the roots are damaged or diseased. Remove the damaged roots. You can cut them with a sterilized knife or shears. You should wear gloves while handling this plant because it can cause skin irritation.

Step 3: Look for one size larger pot.

Look for a pot that is one size larger than the previous one. It should also have drainage holes.

Step 4: Pot the plant

Place fresh soil at the bottom of the pot. Then place the plant into the center and fill the pot with soil. Press the soil with your fingers to make sure there are no air spaces left.

Monstera Laniata Propagation

Monstera adansonii var Laniata can be propagated in two simple ways. The first way is to root its stem cuttings in the soil. The second way is to place the stem cuttings in water for the initial root growth.

Read our Monstera Peru article to learn how to propagate Monstera Laniata using the water propagation method.

If you want to plant the stem cuttings directly into the soil, follow this easy propagation guide.

Step 1: Sterilize all the tools you will use during the whole process. For sterilization, you can use rubbing alcohol.

Step 2: Take a stem cutting that should be three inches long. It should have at least two leaves attached.

Step 3: Leave the stem cutting in a moist paper towel for almost a week. It enables the stem to form a callus.

Step 4: Prepare a small pot or container for propagation. Choose a container that has a drainage hole.

Step 5: When the stem cutting forms a callus, plant it in the soil. It should be held tightly straight up. Plus, it should be at least three inches deep into the soil.

Step 6: If the stem cutting is not standing straight in the soil, you can tie it with a straw. Insert a straw several inches into the soil, and bind it with the stem cutting.

Step 7: Keep the container in indirect sunlight and water it often to keep the soil moist.

Common Problems and Their Solutions

Brown Leaves

Brown leaves of this plant are a sign of lack of sunlight and overwatering. To prevent this, keep your plant in bright indirect sunlight. Plus, use a pot with a drainage hole. It will let the excess water can be removed quickly.

Leaf Spot Disease

If your plant gets the leaf spot disease, remove all the infected leaves. Otherwise, this disease will spread, and your entire plant will get infected. Leaf spot is a bacterial or fungal infection caused by very high levels of humid conditions. To prevent this, avoid overhead watering and keep the leaves dry all the time.

Crisp Leaves Disease

This disease is caused by intense and direct sunlight exposure. The intense sun causes leaves to turn crisp.

To prevent this, keep your plant under the shade where it can get indirect sunlight. If you are growing it in artificial light, make sure to keep it at a distance from the light source.

Pests

Pests feed on the plant’s sap and eat the leaves. They weaken the plant and kill it eventually. High humidity and damp leaves are one reason behind pest attacks.

Tiny pests are hard to locate. Most of them grow on the undersides of leaves. Mealybugs, spider mites, aphids, and thrips are common pests of Monstera Laniata.

You can kill pests by spraying the leaves with natural oils. Neem oil is very effective as a pesticide. Spraying the mixture of neem oil and water is the most effective method to kill pests.

Monstera Laniata: FAQs

How do you care for Monstera Laniata?

This low-maintenance plant needs minimal care and attention. You just have to water it 2 to 3 times a week and fertilize it once a month. It should be kept under the shade, where it can get bright, indirect sunlight. 

Is Monstera Adansonii Laniata rare?

It is quite a rare plant that is very difficult to find. But this plant is very easy to care for. If you find this variety anywhere, you should bring it home and propagate it to increase its collection.

Can Monstera Laniata live outdoors?

It is a hardy tropical species that can withstand a wide range of growing conditions. It can live outdoors in USDA zones of 10 to 12.

Conclusion

Monster Laniata is a beautiful vining plant with broad leaves. Its foliage is unique compared to other common houseplants because its leaves have gorgeous fenestrations. This plant is rare and easy to grow. It looks great in any room or office space. It gives the indoors a tropical look.

Have a look at our Monstera Siltepecana article next.

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