Home Plants Monstera Borsigiana – The Most Comprehensive Guide

Monstera Borsigiana – The Most Comprehensive Guide

by gardeningit
Monstera Borsigiana

Monstera Borsigiana is a downright gorgeous vine of the Araceae family. Its foliage closely resembles Monstera Deliciosa, but both are entirely different species. Monstera Borsigiana has large, dark-green leaves with common monstera perforations. These stunning leaves can grow up to 1.5 feet long. Due to its magnificent foliage, this plant looks great as a houseplant. You can also grow it in hanging baskets or terrariums. Let’s learn more about its amazing features and care needs.

Common Names

  • Swiss Cheese Plant

Classification

  • Family: Araceae
  • Subfamily: Monsteroideae
  • Genus: Monstera

About the Genus Monstera

Monstera is a genus of the Araceae family containing 45 beautiful species. These species are native to the tropical regions of America. The plants of this genus are famous for their large perforated leaves. Most of these species are hemi-epiphytic vines having aerial roots.

Origin and Distribution

This plant was originally discovered in Mexico and Southern Colombia. It is also found in Hawaii and many tropical zones of America.

Monstera Borsigiana Features

Foliage and Stem

This plant has large, dark-green leaves. Upon maturing, perforations and holes appear in the large heart-shaped leaves. Each leaf is about 1.5 feet long. Monstera Borsigiana Albo Variegata is a variation of this plant that has white variegations on its dark-green leaves. Due to these white markings, this cultivar is also known as Monstera Albo Borsigiana ‘White Tiger’.

Evergreen

Monstera Borsigiana is an evergreen tropical vine whose foliage stays fresh and growing throughout the year. In autumn, you do not have to worry about losing all of its leaves, as it keeps most of its foliage all year round.

Height

This plant attains a mature height of 6.5 feet indoors. This height increases when grown outdoors. But if you want to grow this plant in your home garden, you will have to take extra care of it because of the direct sun and fluctuating temperature. You can place a sphagnum pole in its pot to increase its height.

Temperature Tolerance

Only warm temperatures are preferred for this plant. It is not winter-hardy or heat-tolerant. It cannot survive sudden temperature changes. Avoid keeping it near a fan or an air conditioner, as cold drafts can damage its lovely foliage.

Humidity Tolerance

Monstera Borsigiana is not tolerant of low humidity. If the moisture level falls below 40%, its leaves start to wilt and lose variegations. This is why you should increase the humidity around this plant to ensure the lush growth of its foliage.

Drought Resistance

Its leaves and stem can store a little water; this plant can survive some days without water. But, long days of low water availability can actually kill this lovely plant. This plant is not drought-tolerant.

Disease and Pest Resistance

Two major problems faced by this plant are root rot and yellow leaves. These two occur to the plant if its watering schedule is irregular. For preventing these two, avoid under-watering and over-watering.

It is also susceptible to spider mites attack. Some smaller pests can also damage its foliage. Use an insecticide or bacterial soap to get rid of these sap-sucking pests.

Growth

Monstera Borsigiana is a slow-growing vine. If grown indoors, its growth rate decreases even more. If you want to see more leaf buds and faster stem growth, grow it outdoors. Placing a pole in its pot also increases its growth rate.

The best USDA growth zones recommended for this plant are 9b-11.

Toxicity

The sap of its foliage is toxic to humans and animals. If contacted, the foliage can cause skin irritation. This is why you should keep your pets and toddlers away from it. You should also wear gloves while handling or pruning this plant.

Maintenance

Monstera Albo Borsigiana is extremely easy to care for. If you already know the basics of growing a houseplant, you will face no difficulty growing this exotic species. It is a low-maintenance plant that does not have many care needs.

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Dormancy

This plant, just like others, needs a resting stage once a year. As soon as winters start, it goes into dormancy and stops growing. During these resting months, it does not need fertilizer at all. Its watering frequency should also be decreased.

Monstera Borsigiana Care

Monstera Borsigiana care involves moderate watering. You should water it once or twice every week. The optimum pH for its soil is 5-7.5. The soil must be well-draining and organic. The humidity must be around 65%, and the required temperature range is 15-25°C.

Watering Requirements

This plant has moderate watering needs. It does not want you to pour gallons of water into its pot every day. You only have to water it once or twice every week in the summers. In winters, this watering frequency decreases to once every fortnight.

Monstera Borsigiana hates to be over-watered. Only water this plant when its soil gets 70% dry. You can check for the soil’s dryness by inserting your finger to 1-2 inches. If it feels completely dry, water the plant. Always checking the dampness of the soil before watering will prevent overwatering and root rot.

Soil requirements

This plant thrives in partly acidic to partly alkaline soil. The pH of its soil must be around 5.0 to 7.5. A well-draining, rich, organic soil is best suited for this plant’s optimum growth. You can add a layer of perlite, peat moss, and orchid bark to its potting mix to add its aeration and drainage.

Better aerated soil ensures more airflow and oxygen to pass through its roots. Its roots will be able to breathe in better airflow and will grow healthier. You can use a regular houseplant potting mix for this plant, but it would be best if you make a potting mix of your own.

Sunlight

If you want to slow down the growth rate of your Monstera Albo Borsigiana, all you have to do is place it in a spot with low light. If this plant does not receive enough light exposure, its growth will slow down, and its leaves will start to lose their variegations.

This plant needs bright, filtered light for proper growth. Too much direct sun is also harmful to its glowy foliage. Too much heat can burn its leaves and damage its foliage. It is best if you grow this plant near the north or south-facing window. You can also grow it under artificial lights.

Temperature Requirements

This plant is from the tropical regions of Southeast Asia. This is why it can tolerate and survive in a wide range of temperatures. But it cannot tolerate temperature fluctuations. If you want to ensure the optimal growth of this plant, keep the temperature around 15-25°C. This temperature range is the average room temperature in those houses in tropical regions. However, if you want to grow this plant outdoors, you will have to protect it in extreme heat or cold mid-summer or mid-winter.

Humidity

As this plant is native to the forests where the humidity levels are pretty high, this plant loves high humidity in the houses too. It grows perfectly when the humidity is around 65%. This level is difficult to achieve inside a home as the average humidity is just around 10%.

You can increase the moisture level by misting the plant. However, this will become a daily task to spritz the plant. The better way is to place the plant on a pebble tray. As water will evaporate, it will surround the plant’s foliage. The plant will get the required humidity through this. You can also place it in a group with other plants. As the plants will transpire, the humidity will increase naturally.

Fertilizer

Monstera Borsigiana is not a heavy feeder. You have to fertilize it once or twice every month. The best choice is all-purpose houseplant fertilizer or slow-release fertilizer. This is because these two contain all the essential nutrients required for the proper growth of the plant.

If you use a liquid fertilizer to feed this plant, use it twice a week in the summers. This is because summers are the time of active growth, and this plant needs food to grow. Make sure to never over-feed your Monstera Albo Borsigiana.

Grooming and Pruning

Pruning the plant is necessary to give it an appealing appearance. Every month during the days of active growth, look for any yellow leaves. If there are old, yellow leaves in its foliage, prune them out. You can also prune this plant to trim down its size. You should always prune it from the bottom and never above. If you see any infectious parts in your plant’s foliage, you should prune them out too. This is because, if left with the foliage they will infect the healthy parts. Also, disinfecting the scissors or shears before using them on your plant is important to protect your plant from getting any dangerous infection.

Repotting

Monstera Albo Borsigiana is a gorgeous vine that does not need to be repotted monthly. You should wait for it to get root-bound before you move it to a new home. When you notice any roots growing out of the drainage hole or when the plant outgrows its pot, re-pot it right away.

Always use a 2 inch bigger pot than the previous one. While repotting, you can place a sphagnum moss pole in its soil to provide it with support for climbing. You should always renew the potting mix while repotting; this replenishes the nutrients for the plant.

Monstera Borsigiana Propagation

Monstera Borsigiana Propagation is the easiest one of all houseplants. You can do it by yourself only if you know the basics. Here is an easy step-by-step guide for propagating a Monstera Borsigiana plant.

  • Take a knife and sterilize it using 70% isopropyl alcohol or ethanol.
  • Use the knife to take a stem cutting.
  • The stem cutting must have numerous nodes on it.
  • Take a pot and half-fill it with soil.
  • Place the stem cutting in the center.
  • Add more soil and pour water.
  • Place the pot in a well-lit spot and sit back.
  • This plant will take 4-6 weeks to grow new roots and shoot.
  • When you see some growth, move it to a more suitable pot.

Summary

If you want a large-leafy, low-maintenance plant inside your home, Monstera Borsigiana is a great choice. Its large leaves will create a perfect backdrop for other smaller plants. You can also grow its variegated form and add a splash of green-white to your plant collection. Its large size makes it a perfect plant for living room corners. You can modern-decor your house with this handsome tropical beauty.

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