Greensboro Red Camellia, a famous houseplant, is an evergreen shrub that has dark-green glossy foliage and light-red beautiful flowers. This plant can be grown as both shrubs and mini-trees. Its size can be adjusted according to its surroundings. You can grow it as a lovely shrub inside your home, or you can grow it as a magnificent tree in your home garden. This handsome plant will adorn every place and landscape. Want to know more cool features of this striking plant? Here is a list of its remarkable characteristics and some care tips for growing this amazing plant being a beginner.
- Family: Theaceae
- Genus: Camellia
- Species: Japonica
- Cultivar: Greensboro Red
About the Genus Camellia
Camellia is a genus of flowering plants that are native to Southeast Asia. These are found in the Himalayas, Japan, and Indonesia. 100 to 200 species have been classified into this genus so far. Around 3000 hybrids are also included in this genus of the Theaceae family.
Origin and Distribution
Lindley nurseries cultivated this plant for the first time in 1800. It is originally from Greensboro, North Carolina. It was introduced to Asia from London in the 1800s.
Greensboro Red Camellia Features
Foliage and Stem
This handsome tree has glossy foliage with dark-green leaves. Its leaves are oval in shape and soft in texture. Each leaf is 2-4 inches wide. Its leaves are held up by upright branches and stem.
The flowers are the real beauty of this lovely plant. It has trumpet-shaped, red-colored flowers. Each flower has green pollens at the center. These flowers grow in abundance on each shrub. You can grow this beautiful plant inside your home to add color to your home garden.
It is an evergreen shrub that remains green, fresh, and functional throughout all seasons. Its foliage remains functional even in autumn. It sheds its leaves randomly when the leaves are old enough.
This mini-tree shrub attains a maximum height of 10 meters. This stunning size as a houseplant makes it a magnificent addition to a home garden. You can also grow it in pots indoors as a shrub. All you would have to do is hard prune its branches every time it outgrows its desired size.
This lovely shrub is winter-hardy. It can tolerate freezing temperatures as low as -12°C. However, it does not like heat. It does not like being grown in hot climates. The highest that it can bear is 18°C. You will have to place it in a spot where it receives just the right amount of warmth.
This Camellia plant is not humidity tolerant. Humidity extremes affect its growth and healthy appearance. In low humidity, its foliage begins to lose colors. In high humidity, it gets prone to fungal infections. It is better if you regulate the humidity levels around it just according to its needs.
This plant is fairly drought tolerant. It retains water in its stem to be used in periods of low water availability. This feature helps it survive droughts and harsh conditions.
Disease and Pest Resistance
This plant is susceptible to several fungal diseases. The fungus attacks this plant when it is allowed to stand in water for too long. You can get rid of these diseases by using a fungicide.
Scales are the pests that attack this plant. You should handpick them before they destroy the whole plant.
Camellia Japonica Greensboro Red grows at a moderate rate. It grows 4 more inches every year. It blooms every year and produces new buds and leaves. This plant takes three to four years to reach its mature height.
The recommended USDA plant hardiness growth zones for this plant are 7 to 9.
This is a durable plant that lives up to 40 years or more. Its lifespan depends a lot on how well you take care of it. It will surely outlive its regular lifespan if you grow it with all care and love.
This lovely tree is not a threat to the health of humans or pets. It is completely pet-friendly. None of its parts are poisonous. You can easily leave your pet or your toddler around this plant without worrying about their health and safety.
Greensboro Red Camellia is very popular as a houseplant because it is so easy to care for. Even beginners can grow it in their homes without any hassle. It is a low-maintenance shrub that does not need much attention and care. If you know the basics for growing a plant, you can grow this evergreen shrub easily.
This beautiful mini-tree goes into a resting stage every year. This dormant period starts at the beginning of September and ends at the beginning of April. During these dormancy days, it does not produce any new growths; it almost stops growing.
Greensboro Red Camellia Care
Its care tips involve frequent misting. It must be watered twice a week. It must be kept in acidic soil of pH 5 to 6.5. The ideal temperature range is 7-16°C. The humidity requirement is 50% and above. It requires dappled sunlight for proper growth.
This pretentious shrub does not need occasional watering; you should water it only twice a week. It needs more water in its initial growing years. As it grows older and as it matures, you should cut down its watering frequency. In winters, watering it once a week will be enough for its proper growth. Make sure your plant is not left in standing water. Standing water can kill this pretty shrub easily. You can use lukewarm water for your Greensboro Red Camellia plant; lukewarm water will help it grow healthier and fast.
The ideal pH range for the soil of this plant is 5 to 6.5. Acidic soil helps the roots of this Camellia plant to hold and absorb essential nutrients. You can maintain the acidity of the soil by adding a little peat moss or pine needles to it. You can also use diluted vinegar for this purpose. Spritzing the soil with vinegar brings down its pH to the required level.
You should use well-draining, rich, organic soil for this plant. You can add cow manure or compost to increase its fertility. Avoid using clay for this plant as clay is alkaline.
Greensboro Red Camellia can grow in full sun, partial shade, or dappled sun. Among these, dappled shade is the ideal growing condition for this plant. If you are growing this plant outdoors, protect it from the hot sun using a shade cloth. If you are growing it indoors, a north-facing window will be the best place for this red beauty. In a north-facing window, this plant will get the necessary light exposure from the morning sun. In the afternoon, no direct sunlight falls on this spot, so the plant will be safe from the scorching sun rays of the afternoon.
This handsome shrub can properly grow in an ideal temperature range of 7 and 16°C. This plant is quite winter-hardy. It can survive freezing temperatures. However, long-lasting winters do not prove well for their blooms. Despite being winter-hardy, this plant cannot tolerate cold winds. It is better if you protect its foliage from cold drafts and winds. This plant cannot survive in a temperature higher than 18°C. This is why you have to grow it indoors if you live in a hot climate. In winters, the lowest temperature that this plant can bear is -12°C. Below this temperature, the plant will face irrecoverable damages.
The Camellia Japonica Greensboro Red plant prefers high humidity levels. It does not like fluctuating humidity. If the humidity levels fluctuate all the time, the buds of this plant will drop all at once. You must regulate the moisture around this plant to a constant level. The ideal humidity is 50% and above. If you are growing it indoors, 50% humidity is much higher than the normal indoor humidity. You can increase it by growing the plant on a pebble tray. You should regularly mist the foliage to keep the plant moist all the time.
This plant is not a foodie one; it does not fuss about much fertilizer. You do not have to fertilize it every month. It needs to be fertilized only two times a year. You have to fertilize it once after its blooming season, once it drops down its flowers. You should also fertilize it once in mid-summer to promote its growth rate. In winters, it does not need much fertilization. You can use a slow-release or a nitrogen fertilizer for Greensboro Red Camellia. Make sure its nitrogen content is not too high. High nitrogen will burn the roots of this plant.
Grooming and Pruning
This lovely shrub does not need to be pruned regularly. You can prune it anytime you want. The best time to prune a Greensboro Red Camellia is in March, just after blooming. Do not prune the plant before its flowers bloom; you might cut the new growth. You can prune this plant for molding it into any desirable size and shape. Cut any dead or old leaves during pruning, so the new growth has more space to grow and breathe.
If you are growing this lovely shrub indoors, you should move it into a new pot every time it outgrows its present pot. Re-potting must be done in spring or early summer. The buds are going to fall anyway during re-potting. Always move to a pot that is one size bigger than the previous one. Do not forget to add compost to the soil after re-potting the plant. This replenishes the used-up nutrients. Keep the soil moist and wet after re-potting.
This flowering cultivar looks amazing if grown in masses. The collection of this lovely shrub can be increased by propagation. Propagation can be done through stem cuttings. Here’s a step-by-step guide for doing so:
- You should use semi-hard stem cuttings for propagation.
- Take a sharp knife and sterilize it.
- Cut a 14 cm long stem cutting.
- This cutting must be hard from the bottom and soft from the tip.
- Remove the leaves from the base.
- Dip the stem cutting in rooting hormone for some time.
- Keep the stem cutting in a container until new roots and shoots grow out of it.
- Once new growth begins, move the stem cutting to a proper pot and keep it in a bright spot.
- Water it regularly until the tiny stem grows into a lovely plant.
Who wouldn’t want a flowering mini-tree in their home garden to spread happy and lively vibes? Greensboro Red Camellia is an evergreen houseplant that has attractive flowers and lovely foliage. It is a low-maintenance, beautiful plant that can be grown in living rooms, patios, home gardens, or greenhouses to add a touch of nature. This plant perfectly adorns any space and any corner.