Home Plants Dragon Tail Plant – Epipremnum Pinnatum

Dragon Tail Plant – Epipremnum Pinnatum

by gardeningit
Dragon Tail Plant

Dragon Tail plant, or Epipremnum pinnatum, is a lavish plant popular for its striking foliage and classy appearance. This evergreen vine resembles a pothos and a monstera plant due to its lobed leaves and long branches. Its leaves change shape as they mature, and its foliage bloom during summers. This lovely Epipremnum plant is widely grown indoors as a houseplant. It can be grown in hanging baskets or in small-sized pots. Let’s learn more about its features and easy care tips.

Common Names

  • Tonga Vine
  • Variegated-Philodendron
  • Surpankha
  • Tibatib Plant

Classification

  • Family: Araceae
  • Genus: Epipremnum
  • Species: E. pinnatum

About the Genus Epipremnum

Epipremnum is a genus of flowering plants. It is from the Araceae family that is native to China, Himalayas, Southeast Asia, and Australia. All of its species are grown as houseplants due to their bright, green leaves.

Origin and Distribution

This plant is native to the Philippines, where it is commonly known as the Tibatib plant. It is a rare species that is found in abundance in the forests of Southeast Asia and Australia.

Dragon Tail Plant Features

Foliage and Stem

This plant has the freshest and most greeny foliage. Dragon tail plant leaves are oval, arrow-shaped, and smooth in texture during their juvenile stage. As the plant matures, the leaves start to get lobes and markings on them. Each leaves split by having three to four lobes on each side. Each leaf is 20 to 50 cm long. Its texture changes from smooth to leathery.

Flowers

The dragon tail plant has flowers in the form of spathe and spadix. Its inflorescences are green in color that bloom only during summer.

Evergreen

This lovely houseplant is an evergreen vine whose foliage isn’t much affected by the autumn season. Its foliage remains green and fresh throughout the year. You will only notice brown leaves when they are old enough, one or two at a time.

Height

This gorgeous vine attains a maximum height of 1 meter. If you grow it in a hanging basket, its branches can grow as long as 3 feet. You can also place a pole in its pot to support its erect stems. A supporting pole will help it grow straight; it will look longer than usual.

Temperature Tolerance

This warmth-loving plant grows best in tropical climates. It does not match well with temperature extremes. It is not a frost-hardy plant; 50°F is the lowest temperature that it can bear. On hot days, you must protect it from hot drafts.

Humidity Tolerance

Being native to a tropical forest, this plant loves high humidity. It cannot grow properly if the humidity level falls below a certain level. Brown edges of the leaves will indicate the warning sign when you’ll have to regulate the humidity level around this plant.

Drought Resistance

This plant is drought tolerant and does not require occasional watering. Its thick leaves and branches save water and survive for a surprisingly long period of low water availability.

Disease and Pest Resistance

Dragon Tail plant is disease-resistant, but it is prone to mealybugs, scales, and spider mites. These tiny insects suck the sap out of its stem, leaving the plant weak and frail. You can get rid of these deadly pests by rubbing the foliage with a cotton bud dipped in neem oil.

Growth

Dragon tail plant, just like pothos, is a fast-growing vine that reaches its maximum height in no time. The ideal USDA plant hardiness growth zones for this plant are 4a to 8b. It likes warmer climates.

Toxicity

Dragon tail or monstera look-alike is poisonous if ingested in large quantities. Its poisonous leaves can trigger a reaction and cause irritation in the mouth, throat, or GIT. So keep your pets and toddlers away from this one.

Durability

This plant will live in your home for quite years as it is a durable, evergreen plant. Its lifespan can be naturally increased by providing it with the ideal growing conditions. Care and love your Dragon tail and watch it flourish for years!

Maintenance

This tropical plant is loved by many, and its popularity is growing by the day. All because of its limited needs and lesser demands. It is a low-maintenance, easy-to-care houseplant that can be grown without any hassle. Caring for this plant is easy peasy lemon squeezy if you already know the basics of growing a houseplant.

Dormancy

Just like its fellow species, this lovely vine goes into a resting stage during winters. Its growth rate diminishes, and it goes into hibernation. Dragon tail pothos goes dormant in late autumn and returns to life at the begging of spring.

Dragon Tail Plant Care

Dragon tail plant care includes moderate watering. It must be watered once a week. It needs 4-6 hours of bright, indirect sunlight. Acidic soil of pH 5.1-5.5 is ideal for its growth. The temperature around it must be kept around 18°C to 25 °C. It prefers above 50% humidity.

Quick Care Guide

WateringOnce the topsoil is dry.
SoilWell-drained, organic soil.
SunlightBright, indirect sunlight.
Temperature65 °F to 77 °F
HumidityAbove 50-60%
Re-pottingEvery two to three years.
FertilizerEvery two weeks in the growing season.

Watering Requirements

This classy plant does not require much water. It needs moderate watering in summer and low watering in winter. In summers, you should water it once a week when the topsoil has gone completely dry. You can check the topsoil by inserting your index finger in it. If the upper 2 inches are dry, water your plant; if not, wait for more days. This way, you will be protecting your plant from overwatering which can cause root rot and fungal infections. In winters, watering after a fortnight will be enough.

Soil Requirements

Dragon tail plant prefers mildly acidic (pH 6.1-6.5) to strongly acidic (pH 5.1-5.5) soil. Well-drained, organic soil with good aeration will help this plant grow healthy and lush. Make sure whichever container you are using to keep your dragon tail plant; it must have several drainage holes at its bottom. You can use the regular garden soil in its container. Garden soil has lots of space patches in it. It will provide good aeration to the plant’s roots. You can add a little peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite to increase its drainage.

Sunlight

The correct light exposure is one of the important things in dragon tail plant care. As it is native to the forests of the Solomon Islands, it prefers bright indirect light. For its optimum growth, it must receive four to six hours of sunlight. You can grow this dragon tail plant indoors by placing it near a window. An east-facing window will do best. If your plant is losing its markings and its foliage is turning all green, your plant is asking for more sunlight. There should be at least a 1-meter distance from the plant and the window so that it is safe from direct sun as well.

Temperature Requirements

Dragon tail plant likes warmer surroundings. It thrives in a temperature range of 65 °F to 77 °F. Temperature extremes are not preferred. You do not have to worry about its temperature requirements if you have placed this plant indoors. On the other hand, the temperature fluctuates a lot outdoors. You will have to provide extra care to this plant if grown outdoors. If the days get colder or hotter than their optimum needs, make the necessary amendments to save your plant from any damage.

Humidity

This Tibatib plant prefers moderate humidity. Humidity above 50-60% will be perfect for its proper growth. The moisture in the air will keep its stunning foliage green and fresh. Crisp and brown edges of the leaves indicate the plant is not getting enough moisture. In such a case, you will have to increase the humidity level in its surroundings. You can do so by trying several ways. Grouping it with other plants will increase the humidity naturally. You can also place a pebble tray under its pot to more moisture. You can also implant a humidifier. It is a bit costly, but it will solve all the humidity problems permanently.

Fertilizer

The dragon tail plant does not need to be fertilized occasionally. You should add fertilizer to its soil after every two weeks in the growing season. Liquid fertilizer will work best for this Monstera-like Dragon Tail plant. In winters, when this plant goes dormant, it does not require any fertilizer at all.

Grooming and Pruning

Dragon tail plant cutting must be done at the beginning of the growing season to free the plant from any damaged and old leaves. Pruning and cutting enable the plant to grow freely; it also keeps the plant in proper shape. If you do not like long branches trailing over the pot, you can cut the ends. Make sure to disinfect the scissors before cutting your plant. Disinfected scissors will protect the plant from getting any infection.

Re-potting

This trailing plant does not need yearly repotting. If the plant has outgrown its supporting pole, you can replace the pole with a longer one. Dragon tail plant re-potting can be done to replenish its soil; otherwise, this beautiful plant can grow in the same pot for two to three years. The method of re-potting this plant is the same as other vines. All you have to do is take one size bigger pot and move the plant in it. The re-potted plant will take a week or two to come out of the stress and will start to normally grow again.

Propagation

Propagating the Dragon Tail plant is really simple if you know the basics. Here’s a simple step-by-step guide for your help:

  • Take a small container with drainage holes.
  • Put some coconut coir at the bottom. It will increase aeration.
  • Add some mixture of plum soil and pollen on top of coconut coir.
  • Add some more coconut skin on top of the soil.
  • Your growing medium is ready. Your plant will like an airy growing medium as it has aerial roots.
  • Next, take a healthy branch from the dragon tail plant.
  • Put this branch at the center of the growing medium.
  • Add more soil. Press the surface to keep the soil firm. Do not put much pressure.
  • Now water the plant and place it in a well-lit spot.
  • New growth will start after a fortnight or two.
Is dragon tail plant a monstera?

No, the dragon tail plant is not a monstera. It is of the Epipremnum genus and is native to Southeast Asia.

Is dragon tail plant poisonous?

Yes, the dragon tail plant is poisonous. It contains saponins, which are toxins that can cause skin irritation, stomach pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Dragon tail plant not growing leaves

There are a few reasons why your dragon tail plant might not be growing leaves. One possibility is that the plant is not getting enough sunlight. Make sure to place it in a bright spot where it will receive at least six hours of direct sunlight each day.

Another reason may be that the soil is too dry. Be sure to water the plant regularly, making sure the soil is moist but not wet. If you live in a dry climate, you may need to water the plant more often than someone who lives in a humid climate.

Summary

The lovely Dragon Tail plant is a low-maintenance houseplant that is also a natural air purifier. This means its bright green leaves will add beauty to your indoors, as well as keep your surroundings fresh and clean. This plant is a perennial, evergreen vine, which can be grown in hanging baskets, patios, living rooms, or home gardens. This Philodendron look-alike will give your indoors a dash of freshness and a touch of nature.

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