Home Plants Calathea Fasciata – Features, How to Grow and Care

Calathea Fasciata – Features, How to Grow and Care

by gardeningit
Calathea Fasciata

Calathea fasciata is a beautiful foliage plant with strikingly attractive leaves. It belongs to the family of Marantaceae. With its large, round, thick leaves with alternating shades of deep green and grass green. Also, prominent veins along with purple underside is a dream come true for foliage lovers. The pleasant to the eyes stripes with a blend of equally soothing shades is a unique indoor plant that cannot be left unnoticed. The luscious leaves with the pattern of a healthy plant are shiny and make the interior come to life.

Calathea Fasciata Classification

Below is the scientific classification of the plant:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Zingiberales
  • Family: Marantaceae
  • Genus: Calathea
  • Species: Fasciata

There is a vast variety of species in this genus. A great deal of these plant’s popularity is associated with the decoration as pot plants because of their fascinatingly patterned leaves. Calathea fasciata is considered to belong to the species Calathea rotundifolia fasciata. The term rotundifolia is derived from Latin language comprising of two words rotundus which means round and folium means leaf. With its round luxurious leaves and bright colors and patterns so unique that it reminds one of zebra with its dark and light green alternating stripes it immediately catches the eyes.

Genus Calathea

The flowering plant is a native to America and has over 300 species. Primarily Calathea has leaves that can be the talk of the town whereas some grow beautiful flowers. Cultivators desire this plant, in particular, to create hybrid and cultivate due to the fascinating patterns on its leaves and for flowers. With spiked prices, these hybrids are a major chunk of the plants sold in the markets.

Calathea is easy to care for and prefers indirect lighting which makes id perfect for decoration indoor. Especially in corridors of office buildings. The big statement leaves that are thick in texture are also used in handicrafts. They also serve the purpose of wrapping in packaging. The leaves are also used as rice containers at tourist spots in Thailand.

The rattlesnake plant, peacock plant, and zebra plant are all forms of Calathea. These leafy plants with their delightful patterns are a popular species of house plants and a superb addition to office space.

Calathea Fasciata Common Name

Calathea is also known as “Prayer plant” due to the daily movement of its leaves called nyctinasty. A large variety of plants in this family move their leaves up at night or fold them like praying hands. These leaves are lowered during the day, because of this tendency of the plant it has earned the title of “Prayer plant.” They do produce flowers however they are not large or decorative.

It is predominantly known for its variegated leaves, meaning that some parts of its leaf are green and some aren’t. Due to which the green part that contains chlorophyll is responsible for the process of photosynthesis as it readily absorbs sunlight and the non-green part naturally does not contain chlorophyll and therefore cannot participate in the process of photosynthesis as it is deprived from absorbing sunlight.

How to Care For Calathea Fasciata

The gorgeous Calathea rotundifolia fasciata is a tropical plant. Although it is low maintenance, its requirements related to soil, light, and water are typical since it is a tropical plant. It requires high levels of humidity and hot climate with high temperatures and zero frost days. These requirements are expressed in minute details below:

Water Requirements

The prayer plant being a tropical plant requires a hefty amount of water at the same time soggy soil and wet foliage is an open invitation to molds and fungus. Waterlogging also hinders the healthy growth of the Calathea.

Sunlight Requirements

The unique plant comes from tropical regions such as rain forests and hence is overshadowed by massive trees that allow filtered sunlight to reach plants underneath does not do well in direct sunlight. The foliage burns and turns brown and the leaves immediately give away the healthy texture and moisture if exposed to direct sunlight for an extended period. To combat this the luxurious foliage plant must be kept in a place where it receives indirect bright sunlight and must be rotated every once in a while to ensure uniform exposure to sunlight. The need for indirect or low sunlight makes it a good option to be kept indoors.

Soil requirement

The beautiful foliage plant needs moist and well-drained soil which is porous. It grows exponentially in African violet soil or any other commercial potting mix.

Temperature Requirements

The striped leaves plant appreciate medium to warm temperatures and dwell well in temperature ranging from 10 to 30 °C. Experts believe that 75 °F will prove optimum for the growth of this lovely house plant.

Humidity Requirement

Calathea rotundifolia fasciata demands high humidity levels as it is from the tropical origin. Approximately 50% or higher levels of humidity must be maintained to ensure the survival of the plant to meet this prerequisite of high moisture in the atmosphere one must monitor the moisture levels and if a drop in humidity is observed then artificial measure must be taken to increase the levels. This can be done in 4 simple ways.

  1. The cheapest but not very effective way is to put bowls of water near the plant to increase moisture in the environment.
  2. One can mist the plant daily especially in dry weather or on hot days. But one has to be meticulous while misting to avoid mold and fungus to appear on soggy foliage.
  3. The third method is also not very expensive and can serve as an added decoration. A tray of water with decorative pebbles can be placed under the pot to increase moisture.
  4. The fourth method can prove to be slightly expensive in terms of arranging the equipment and its regular use. That is to install a humidifier in the space where the plant is located.

By adopting any of the four methods levels of humidity can be moderated as per the Calathea.

Fertilizer Requirements

The market place is full of different types and brands of fertilizers. The choice of fertilizer can be determined by the expert by looking at the foliage. Slow-release fertilizer or domestic liquid fertilizer are both equally good options.

Calathea requires extremely light fertilizer. Using fertilizer once in two months in winter and once or twice a month in summers would be sufficient for the plant.

Pot Requirement

As explained earlier that this particular plant requires moist and well-drained soil which is porous. To attain this the pot containing the plant must have a hole at the base so that excess water can be drained from the soil through the hole. Experts believe that a healthy Calathea plant can be repotted once a year to enable its growth.

Pruning Requirement

Plants kept indoors are often kept in the same place for months at a stretch. Since the prayer plant must be rotated frequently to ensure uniform exposure to light may require frequent pruning for it to continue to look well-groomed and neat. This will also restrict the plant in the pot and space provided. A big plant with wide-spreading leaves would very soon outgrow its space and will not look aesthetic crumped up into a small space.

Growth Habit

Calathea rotundifolia fasciata can be and indoor yet an outdoor plant. Below are the growth habits of this eye-pleasing plant.

  • It ranges from 20 to 65 cm in height. When the conditions are optimum for growth and there is enough room for it to occupy the praying plant may reach up to 75 cm in height.
  • The leaves are round and are about 5 to 6 cm long.
  • It has an upright body and spreads like a shrub.
  • With the right condition, it can grow faster than anticipated.

As these are not toxic, they are preferred over their contemporaries as indoor plants. Since they are not harmful to pets and babies alike, this makes them more desirable among domestic plants with only pros such as non-toxic, decorative and air purifying, these advantages dominate with no major cons that any red flags would be raised against the prayer plant.

Air purification

The million-dollar question that arises because of its unique qualities is, does Calathea purifies the air? Being an eye-catching house plant that elevates the interiors a notch also undertakes the responsibility of purifying the air and contributes to maintaining a healthier climate indoors.

Calathea fasciata Propagation

A Calathea plant exploding with growth can be propagated easily. For their propagation the most popular strategy is division. For this, you need a healthy mother plant from which big stacks can be cut and sewn into the soil in a new pot making sure that the nodes are submerged pretty deep into the soil. It is advised that the scissors used for cutting purposes must be clean and sharp. These can also be propagated into the water using the division strategy.

It is very vital to keep in view a few points for the divisions to grow.

  • Spring and summer months are considered perfect for propagation and repotting.
  • Divisions or baby plants appreciate low exposure to sunlight and for this purpose, they must be low light until they grow some roots.
  • The new divisions must be kept so that they remain moist and warm. To achieve this these can be kept in a greenhouse or on a budget that can be covered with a plastic sheet to give it the effect of a greenhouse.

Timeline

The timeline below will help serve as a benchmark to compare the growth pattern of your plant with that of the standard and will prove to be a beacon to guide in growing a healthy prayer plant.

  • Day 1: Obtain a division from a health Calathea plant by cutting it with the help of clear, sharp scissors and put it in moist soil. Place the division in a warm place with low light as the baby plant appreciates it.
  • Day 3 – Day 20: Water or mist the plant every third day. A moderate amount of water to be given to prevent the soil from getting dry at the same time avoiding making it soggy either.
  • Day 20 – Day 50: Observe the baby plant and water it after carefully looking at the soil. Giving water every fourth day or after monitoring the condition of the soil.
  • Day 50 – Day 70: By now the plant must show some signs to indicate successful propagation such as the development of roots and appearance of shoots. Now the plant can be moved to space where it receives indirect light. As it is ready to bear some exposure to bright indirect light. It must be monitored in the light.
  • Day 70 – Day 170: Major milestone is reached by this time and the plant is stable with the growth of new leaves. The increase in height will also indicate the stability of the plant. Little quantity of fertilizer can be added keeping in mind that too much may harm the young plant. The frequency of water can be reduced and the soil must not be waterlogged.
  • Day 170 – Day 190: Now the plant is stable and does not need much attention. Place it in a way that receives indirect light, sufficient humidity, and warm temperature. Remember to rotate the pot every once in a while to uniformly provide it with light. And watering as per the soil condition.
  • Day 190 – Day 300(winter): A little fertilizer can be added if there is a need otherwise it can make do without fertilizer as well. Reduce the frequency of water. The plant can be watered once or twice in a month winters.
  • Day 300 – Day 350 (spring): With the arrival of the spring seasons, the plant will seem mature growth will be eminent. It can be watered up to thrice a week wit addition of a little fertilizer
  • Day 350 onwards (summer): Due to heat in summer months the prayer plant will require more water. To meet its need it can be watered on alternate days. Humidity must be monitored and artificial means must be used to maintain high levels of humidity. Fertilizer can be added once a month to supplement its growth.

Conclusion

Calathea rotundifolia fasciata also known as prayer plant belongs to the family Marantaceae. Calathea is found in the tropical regions of America where it receives humidity, warm temperature, and indirect sunlight. With the eye-catching pattern on leaves and shades of green, it has the most exotic foliage that forces the onlooker to appreciate the beauty. Fasciata is a great addition to indoor plants for its decorative leaves, air purification properties and being nontoxic is friendly to babies and pets.

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