Home Orchids Bulbophyllum Maquilingense – Beautiful Miniature Plant

Bulbophyllum Maquilingense – Beautiful Miniature Plant

by gardeningit
Bulbophyllum Maquilingense

Bulbophyllum Maquilingense plants are beautiful, miniature plants that are very popular for the way they look. These flowering plants are epiphytes from the family of Orchidaceae and are typically found in the forests of Asia. These are not typical houseplants and need a little extra effort in terms of care to be grown outside a greenhouse. These can sometimes be confused with the Dendrobium plants, but a Bulbophyllum contains a rhizome and a pseudobulb, which differentiates the two plants.


Family: Orchidaceae

Subfamily: Epidendroideae

Genus: Bulbophyllum

About the Genus Bulbophyllum

The name Bulbophyllum comes from the Greek language, where “bulbos” means “bulb” and “phyllon” means “leaf”.  This name refers to the plant’s pseudobulbs. Louis Marie Aubert du Petit-Thouars first officially described this genus in 1822. He mentioned it in his book along with 18 of its species. Currently, there are over 2800 of them. These are mostly epiphytes and orchids and make up the largest genus of the orchid plant family.

Common Names and Synonyms

The Mount Makiling Bulbophyllum

Origin and Distribution

These plants are diverse in terms of their habitats. These species are most commonly found at heights of about 800 to 1000 meters in the montane forests, living under the shades of small trees. They are found near to and in Australia, Southeast Asia, India, Africa, and South America. They grow in the warmer areas of this distribution and on islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans.

Bulbophyllum Maquilingense Features

Foliage and Stem

Orchids of this particular specie have thin, thread-like roots that have a fibrous texture. These roots crawl up the surfaces of trees and rocks and even hang from tree branches. The stem has a rhizome and a pseudobulb. A single leaf grows at the top of this pseudobulb and flowers grow along its base.


Good news for Bulbophyllum lovers, these beauties are evergreen, meaning that they keep hold of their natural beauty all year round. Still, try not to keep them in unsuitable environments, especially outside when it is a bit too cold.


These plants are tiny, but still, manage to grow up to a height of about 5 to 8 centimeters. Not much, but it is something when compared to some of its other orchid relatives.

Temperature Tolerance

Bulbophyllum plants grow best in intermediate temperatures bearing a minimum of 55°F to a maximum of 85°F. Move out of this temperature range, and your plant may show some disappointing growth patterns.

Humidity Tolerance

These plants love water. So they are pretty tolerant of humidity. Still, just because it CAN survive in humid conditions doesn’t mean that it SHOULD be made to do so. Water it yourself and mist it occasionally. But if the weather gets a bit humid, skip the misting.


The petiole base leaves bloom in the spring. An inflorescence grows from the base of the pseudobulb, which eventually bears flowers. Their flowers have funnel-shaped bracts and can grow up to about 3 to 5 centimeters. These miniature plants grow hooded yellow flowers with beautiful red spots and are highlighted by a dark purple lip. The flowers have thread-like stems that grow up to 1 to 2 inches and bear ¾ inch singular blossoms. These flowers grow up to a size of 1 cm.


These plants love water, and they do not do well under dry conditions. So remember to water your plant regularly or at least every other day. Leaving them dry for longer periods may not do very well for them.

Pressure Tolerance

These little plants have a very delicate structure and will not tolerate any pressure or being stepped on. So, make sure you keep them out of the way or high up where they cannot be trampled.


Unfortunately, these plants are not disease-free. The most common Bulbophyllum diseases include Bacterial Soft Spot, Fungal Crown Rot and Bacterial Brown Spot.

Bacterial Soft Spot, also known as Erwinia, looks like a wet spot on the leaf of the plant. The leaf will smell bad, and the infected area is an increase in size over a matter of days.

Fungal Crown Rots are also very common among orchids. It starts as a discoloration on the surface of the leaves and stems and can ultimately kill the plant if not taken care of. These fungi mostly target overwatered, excessively moist plants living in colder temperatures.

Last but not least, Bacterial Brown Spot is similar to the Bacterial soft spot. The leaf turns brown and expands over days until it eventually starts smelling bad and secreting a dark liquid.


Under suitable conditions, these plants are incredibly fast-growing.


The toxicity of this plant is still under study, so nothing is for sure. However, it is highly suggested that you keep the plant away from the reach of your pets and children just because your plant could have hundreds of bacteria and germs latched onto it.


Their perennial life cycle makes them very durable plants. They can last up to years and decades if given the right care and environment.


These plants are generally easy to grow and very suitable for beginners.


These plants are not known to be dormant in winters or any season of the year, so you don’t have to worry about their “resting” period.

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Bulbophyllum Maquilingense Care

To thrive, these plants need to be kept in warmer temperatures and moderate sunlight, sometimes even shade. You can water them regularly and keep their soil moist (but not soggy). Also, make sure they get good air circulation to prevent any microbial growth.

Water Requirements

A Bulbophyllum Maquilingense plant will thrive under wet conditions. It cannot get any more straightforward than that. It needs to be watered several times in a week (ideally 3 to 5 times per week), but if you can, watering your plant every day would be the best thing you could do for it. Still, plants do have a hydration limit. Make sure you allow them to dry off a bit before you add more water to them. How’d you feel if you were forced to drink water when you’re not thirsty? Exactly. To check whether the soil is ready for its next watering session or not, you can use moisture meters or simply use your finger to feel the texture of the soil.


These plants thrive in a moss based potting media with amendments like coconut. Make sure the soil remains moist and not water-clogged. Just let it dry to the top layer before you water it. A wet, soggy soil invites all kinds of problems you don’t want. Opt for a well-draining soil mix and a breathable pot with a good drainage system.


These plants love to live in a shaded spot or a bright room with indirect sunlight. You can put it in a well-lit room and let it sit and do its job- looking beautiful! Just make sure you don’t put it under direct sunlight, as that can burn its leaves real quick. If you cannot lower the light intensity hitting the plant, using a shade cloth can help mellow the sunlight.


Bulbophyllum Maquilingense plants love summers and warm temperatures, and they don’t do very well under cooler environments, especially under 60 degrees Fahrenheit. So make sure you keep them in a suitable spot during the winter season. The optimum range remains between 55 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, make sure your plant is not kept directly in front of a fan or air conditioner.


When it comes to humidity, this particular species can be a little hard to satisfy. It has a high requirement of moisture in the air and loves to stay hydrated. You can mist it now and then and even use the pebble tray method to ensure all-around humidity. Simply, put the pot in a pebble tray and pour some water in. The water will evaporate and create moisture in the air around the plant. Just make sure the plant is not sitting directly on the water.

Fertilizer Requirements

Feed your plant once a week using a balanced, organic fertilizer. The feeding requirements decrease during the winter months, so make sure you don’t over-feed the plant. Also, make sure you don’t choose low-quality


These plants do not prefer frequent repotting so you can leave them alone for a couple of years. However, if the plant has somehow overgrown its current pot, replant it preferably during the spring and summer seasons because those are the “growing seasons” for the plant. Simply, take out the plant from its current pot, brush off the excess soil and clean the roots. Now, replant it into a different, bigger pot, and you’re good!

Grooming and Pruning

You can groom and clean your plant whenever you feel like it is needed. Just remove the dead, or dying, leaves from the bottom of the plant and mist it clean.

Bulbophyllum Maquilingense Propagation

These plants are known to be moderate to difficult in terms of cultivation. Since they require a particular environment to grow, growing them outside a greenhouse is a challenge.

Growing Problems

Yellow/Brown Leaves

The most common reason behind this is an underlying fungal or bacterial growth. To make sure your plant is not diseased, check the undersides of your leaves and the roots. If you see any discoloration, your plant is probably sick. Immediately isolate the plant to avoid the spread of the disease, take the plant out of its pot and prune all the dead or diseased parts including the leaves, stem, and roots. Repot the plant and spray some fungicide on it. Do not put the plant next to the other plants until it has completely revived. To prevent any future microbial growths, water your plant only when needed and make sure your plant or the soil does not have moisture standing on it.

Displaying Bulbophyllum Maquilingense Plant

These tiny, adorable plants are a little tricky to display because of their size. However, you can style them on shelves and a window sill, or even on top of tables, as centerpieces.  You can mount them on a cork slab or plant them in a basket. You can even pot them, and they will grow beautifully.

Bulbophyllum Maquilingense Plant For Sale

When looking to buy one of these, make sure you check and examine the plant thoroughly because its small size helps it hide any diseases it may have. If you’re looking for a plant online, you can find them on eBay, Amazon, Etsy, and Jlorchids.

Final Thoughts

A Bulbophyllum Maquilingense plant is a beautiful, unique plant from the orchid family of plants. It blooms in the spring season and stays beautiful throughout its life because it is evergreen. You can display these small, adorable plants on shelves and tables and even baskets. They are not propagated under regular, indoor conditions.

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