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Anthurium Moodeanum – A Tropical Vining Plant

by gardeningit
Anthurium Moodeanum

Anthurium Moodeanum is a tropical vining plant, which is rarely found. It grows in the tropical regions of South America and Mexico. However, due to its enchanting foliage, it is now cultivated worldwide to be grown as a houseplant. Its leaves are heart-shaped and reddish-brown in their juvenile days. But the older leaves lose their vibrant shade to turn into dark-green, tropical-colored blades. Let’s learn some more interesting facts about this plant.

Anthurium Moodeanum Classification

  • Family: Araceae
  • Subfamily: Pothoideae
  • Genus: Anthurium

Origin and Distribution

John Mood cultivated this plant for the first time in Hawaii. It is found abundantly in South America and Mexico.

Anthurium Moodeanum Appearance

Foliage

This aroid has broad, heart-shaped leaves. The foliage has two-colored leaves, the reddish-brown, younger ones, and the dark-green older ones. These leaves take 2-3 three weeks to reach their mature size.

Flower

This plant produces flowers in the form of inflorescence. Its inflorescence consists of a pink-spathe and a yellowish-green spadix.

Size

This plant can get as tall as 15 to 20 inches indoors.

Anthurium Moodeanum Care

Anthurium Moodeanum care involves 1-2 times watering every week and fertilization every 4 months. The ideal potting soil for this plant is the mixture of orchid mix and peat moss. You should place it under bright, indirect sunlight. The humidity and temperature should be 60% and 25°C to 32°C.

Quick Guide 

  • Watering: Once or twice a week.
  • Soil type: Well-draining mix.
  • Sunlight: Semi-shade.
  • Temperature: 25°C to 32°C.
  • Humidity: 60% or above.
  • Fertilizer: Phosphorus-rich fertilizer every 4 months.

Let us explain the care guide for this rare Anthurium species.

Anthurium Moodeanum Watering

This plant does not like to be overwatered. 1 to 2 times watering every week is sufficient for its optimum growth. It should never be overwatered as it can quickly get root rot due to fungal growth. Its soil should be allowed to get dry between waterings.

During summers, its soil gets dry quicker, so it will need more watering per week. To make sure you are watering the plant on the right day, stick your finger or a pencil into the soil to check its dryness. A dry finger or pencil will mean it is time to water this plant. But if there is moist soil on your finger/pencil, wait for another day or two to water this plant.

Soil Requirements

Because this plant is susceptible to root rot, it must be grown in well-draining soil so that all the excess water drains below the drainage hole. You can use an orchid or aroid mix for this plant. An orchid mix with peat moss is preferred because it is fast-draining and reduces the chances of root rot.

If you have potting soil at home, you can prepare a DIY potting mix for this plant. You can also use a mixture of potting soil and peat moss to plant this Anthurium Moodeanum.

Anthurium Moodeanum Sunlight

This plant can grow in various light conditions; however, semi-shade or bright, indirect sunlight is perfect for its growth. It can also survive in low light, but it will not bloom in it. So if you want to watch your Anthurium blooming, place it in a brightly lit spot.

Rotating this plant periodically in its spot is also necessary. If you do not rotate this plant, both sides will receive uneven sunlight exposure. It will lead to irregular growth on both sides. So, never forget to rotate your plant once in a while.

Temperature Requirements

As this is a tropical plant, it needs tropical temperatures to grow. It grows best in a warm place as it is not tolerant of temperature extremes. It can get chilly injuries in the cold, and its leaves can get burnt in intense heat. You should maintain a temperature range of 25°C to 32°C for this plant.

If you live in a colder climate, you cannot grow this plant outdoors as it is not frost-hardy. So, in extreme winters, move it to a warmer room or a greenhouse. But never place it near a radiator or fan.

Humidity

It should be grown in a highly humid environment. The humidity levels should be regulated at 60% or above for this plant. It cannot survive in low humidity as its photosynthesis stops in low moisture. Its leaves also start to lose their vibrant color due to low humidity. So, its humidity needs should never be overlooked.

The humidity around this plant can be increased by using a humidifier or a pebble tray. However, if you have a collection of plants, you can group them to increase your room’s humidity.

Fertilizer

It is not a heavy feeder; it needs fertilization only after 4 months. You should use a phosphorus-rich fertilizer to feed this plant. This is because it needs phosphorus to produce healthy blooms. The fertilizer should be slow-release rather than the liquid one. If you use a liquid fertilizer, you will have to fertilize this plant every 2 weeks. So a slow-release fertilizer is preferred.

You should dilute the fertilizer to one-quarter of its strength before adding it to the plant. Add 1/4th tablespoon of fertilizer to a gallon of water to dilute it. Then add it into the already watered soil of your Anthurium.

Grooming and Pruning

Pruning is needed when old leaves are to be removed from the plant. It means the best time to prune your plant is the end of winter or the beginning of spring. You can also prune this plant to remove leggy branches from the foliage.

If you want to limit the size of the plant, always cut the outer branches, not the inner ones. It is because inner branches are younger, and cutting them will slow down the growth or even kill the plant.

Disinfecting the gardening tools before you use them to prune your plant is also essential. This practice saves your plant from the risk of getting any infectious diseases.

How to Propagate Anthurium Moodeanum

Anthurium Moodeanum is propagated through its stem cuttings. Its propagation is just as simple as the propagation of other tropical plants. But if you are new to indoor gardening and have never propagated a plant before, let us guide you through the process.

Follow this step-by-step guide to propagate your Anthurium Moodeanum successfully.

  1. Use your disinfected shears to take a healthy stem from your plant.
  2. It should be several inches long, and it must have at least 1- 2 leaves on it.
  3. Dip it in rooting hormone (this step is optional).
  4. After this stem forms a callus, plant it in a small container containing organic-rich potting soil.
  5. Water its potting soil thoroughly and place the container in a well-lit spot.
  6. You can also use water for rooting this stem cutting.
  7. It will take 4 – 6 weeks to form roots in water.
  8. After it roots, you can move it to your favorite pot.

Anthurium Moodearnum Basic Features

Growth

This plant produces new leaves every 2 -3 months. Its growth rate is relatively slower indoors as compared to its natural habitat. But its growth rate can be increased by providing it with all the ideal growing conditions.

If you live in a hardiness zone of 10 or above, you can grow this plant in your home.

Anthurium Moodeanum Toxicity

This is a toxic plant, so it must be kept away from the reach of pets and children. As its leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals, these are poisonous for humans and animals. Consumption of any parts of its foliage can cause severe health problems, such as diarrhea, vomiting, swelling, and irritation of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract.

Drought Tolerance

Anthurium Moodeanum is a drought-tolerant aroid with thick leaves and herbaceous stems that can retain water for droughts and harsh conditions. The plant uses this water if its owner forgets to water it for several days.

Maintenance

This plant is one of the most easy-to-care Anthuriums that have low-maintenance foliage. It needs minimal care to stay happy and thriving. It is why it is loved by beginners and experts in gardening equally.

Dormancy

It goes dormant in winters and stops growing. It occurs due to the decreased light and temperature levels. Do not fertilize your plant during these days, as it would not absorb it. So the excess fertilizer will form a crust on the soil surface and suffocate the roots. Also, reduce the watering frequency during dormancy.

Common Problems and Their Solutions

Diseases 

Like Anthurium Radicans and Anthurium Anthurium Clarinervium, Anthurium Moodeanum is not prone to any plant diseases. However, it can get root rot and leaf spot if overwatered or placed somewhere with less air circulation.

Pests

The only pests that you might notice around this plant are mealybugs, spider mites, and aphids. These also attack the plant when its foliage stays moist for most of the time. You must place your plant in a room with good air circulation so that its leaves stay dry and free from pests.

Frequently Asked Questions about Anthurium Moodeanum

When Should I Repot My Anthurium Moodeanum?

It is a slow-growing plant, so it does not get root-bound sooner. It needs to be repotted only when it outgrows its pot, or its roots start to grow out of its drainage hole. This might happen after 2 or even after 3 years. You should wait for these signs before repotting this plant.

Can I Grow This Plant Outdoors?

You can grow this plant outdoors only if you live in a warmer zone, where the temperature does not fall on either extreme. If the temperature drops below 10°C, move it indoors. And if the temperature exceeds 35°C, move it to a cold spot indoors ASAP.

Why Do the Leaves of My Plant Have Webbings on Them?

It is a sign of the presence of spider mites. You should immediately look for these pests and remove them from your plant. Soak a cotton ball in rubbing alcohol and rub the foliage with it. It will keep these mites away.

Conclusion

There are many rare Anthurium species that you can now grow in your homes as they have been being cultivated on a large scale lately. Anthurium Moodeanum is one of them. It is a beautiful vining plant with bronze-colored leaves that change to dark green in its later days. This plant is low-maintenance, so it can also be grown by beginners. Did we mention it is also a natural air purifier? This tropical beauty cleans its surrounding air to make it fresher, cleaner, and healthier to breathe.

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