Anthurium Besseae is a tropical, epiphytic, semi-evergreen species with intriguing foliage. It has broad, dark-green, velvety, and unique-shaped leaves. This plant is known for its stunning venation; the leaves have bright silver, deep veins running down its leaves. Too bad; not many people know about this plant!
This medium-sized Anthurium makes a great indoor plant, as it adds a tropical touch indoors with its deep-colored foliage. Here is a detailed description of this beautiful plant if you want to learn more about its fascinating features.
Anthurium Besseae Classification
- Family: Araceae
- Subfamily: Pothoideae
- Genus: Anthurium
This plant is native to Bolivia and is found in the tropical regions of Central and South America.
Anthurium Besseae Appearance
This epiphytic species resembles Anthurium Crystallinum as both these plants have similar dark-green, velvety leaves. Except that Anthurium Crystallinum has broader veins than Anthurium Besseae. For a beginner, the difference between these two plants is hard to tell.
This semi-evergreen species blooms in summer and produces red-colored flowers that have a spadix and spathe.
This plant gets as tall as 24 inches high. Its foliage covers the same width as the height of this plant due to its broader leaves.
Anthurium Besseae Care
- Watering: 1 to 2 times every week.
- Soil type: Perlite-based potting mix or orchid mix.
- Sunlight: Bright sunlight to partial shade.
- Temperature: 26-27°C (day), 15-17°C (night).
- Humidity: 80% humidity.
- Fertilizer: A high-phosphorus fertilizer twice a month.
- Hardiness zones: 10 or higher.
Here is a detailed guide for your help.
Anthurium Besseae Watering
This plant needs medium watering to survive. Its watering schedule depends on the temperature and heat outside. If it is hot, it needs more watering. And if it is the time of a cold season, its watering frequency reduces. The general rule is to water the plant when the top 1-2 inches of its soil gets dry. As per this rule, this plant needs to be watered just once or twice every week during the months of active growth. And if its topsoil gets dry early, water the plant before the day when you were supposed to water it.
Anthurium Besseae prefers to be grown in a potting medium that is fast-draining and capable of holding some moisture for the roots. Instead of buying the regular houseplant potting mix from a store, we suggest that you make one of your own. A self-prepared potting mix is considered the best as you can make it exactly according to the needs of your specific plant.
For this Anthurium species, you should mix potting soil with perlite to make an ideal potting mix. These two ingredients have the before-mentioned properties. You can also use an orchid mix instead of potting soil with perlite. An orchid mix also proves to be a great growing medium for this plant.
Anthurium Besseae Sunlight
Bright but indirect sunlight is necessary for the optimum growth of the Besseae plant. This plant cannot tolerate direct sunlight because its thick, velvety leaves get easily burnt in the scorching sun. So it is a bad idea to grow this plant directly near a window, where the sun is just above it all day.
This plant can grow in partial shade, but low light conditions are a big No-No. You should place this plant at least six feet away from a window. And if the plant is placed against a wall, try to rotate it more often so that all its parts get equal sunlight exposure.
Like Anthurium Radicans and Anthurium Veitchii, this plant is not frost-hardy, nor can it survive in high temperatures. Anthurium Besseae prefers to be grown in an average room temperature range that does not fluctuate much. The optimum room temperature required by this plant during the day is 26°C – 27°C. Temperature drop at night is expected so that this plant can tolerate 15°C – 17°C at night. Never place this plant right in front of an air conditioner no matter how hot it gets; its leaves will fall due to cold drafts.
Anthurium Besseae is fond of highly humid environments. Its deep-colored velvety leaves need high atmospheric moisture for their lush growth. You should set the room humidity for this plant around 80%. This relative humidity is achieved through a humidifier or placing the plant on a pebble tray. You should also mist the plant regularly because misting is also an effective way to increase humidity.
You might have also heard that plant grouping also increases humidity. But it is correct only for several plants, such as Spider plants, Peace lilies, or Boston ferns.
It is a flowering plant, so it needs phosphorus to produce healthy blooms. You should fertilize this plant with a high-phosphorus content fertilizer twice every month. You should dilute the fertilizer to 1/4th of its strength before you fertilize your plant with it. Applying the fertilizer to dry roots will do more harm than good. Dry roots will get burnt if you fertilize them directly. It is why you should water the plant every time before fertilizing it.
Grooming and Pruning
Pruning should always be done before the growing season to make room for new growth. You should cut down all the old leaves and wilted flowers at the beginning of spring. Pruning should be done from bottom to top. First, remove all the yellowed leaves from the bottom, and then pinch the top foliage to encourage thick growth.
You should never use unsterilized secateurs for pruning your plant. It is because unsterilized tools can put your plant at risk of many infectious diseases.
How to Propagate Anthurium Besseae
You can propagate this lovely plant through its stem cuttings. Its resilient stems can be rooted in water or soil. The best time to take the cuttings is when you are pruning this plant in early spring. You can take the cuttings till mid-summer because, after summer, the plant’s growth rate starts to slow down.
If you are a beginner in indoor gardening and have never propagated a plant before, let us help you. Here is an easy guide to Anthurium Besseae propagation.
- Disinfect sharp pruning scissors using ethanol or 70% isopropyl alcohol.
- Using these scissors, take thick and healthy stem cuttings from the plant.
- The stem cutting should be at least 3 inches long, and it must have several leaves on it.
- The next step includes dipping the cutting in the rooting hormone. It is an optional step.
- After the callous dries out, it is time to place the cutting into a growing medium. It can be water or soil.
Propagation in Water
- Take a glass jar and fill it with distilled water.
- If you are using tap water, leave it overnight so that it gets rid of chlorine.
- Place the cutting in the jar so that the leaves are above the surface of the water.
- Make sure at least two nodes are below water.
- In several weeks, new roots will form, and you will have to move the stem cutting to a potting mix.
Propagation in Soil
- Take a pot and fill it with an orchid mix or a mixture of potting soil and perlite.
- Plant the stem cutting in its center with its leaves above the soil surface.
- Water the soil and place the cutting under bright, indirect sunlight.
Anthurium Besseae Basic Features
This plant grows at a moderate pace. Its growth rate is determined by its watering, sunlight exposure, temperature, and humidity levels. In ideal conditions, it produces new leaves every other month. But if its growing conditions are compromised, its growth rate slows down.
Anthurium Besseae Toxicity
All the parts of its foliage contain calcium oxalate crystals. These crystals are not suitable for human or animal health. If your pet ingests any part of its foliage by mistake, it will experience severe irritation of the mouth and esophagus. It is why you should keep your toddlers and pets away from this plant.
Luckily, it is a drought-tolerant plant that can survive periods of low water availability. The thick foliage of this plant has the water-retaining ability that can save water for any harsh situations.
Anthurium Besseae Maintenance
This plant is a surprisingly low-maintenance houseplant that can easily survive a fair amount of neglect. It is why many indoor gardening beginners love to keep this plant in their homes. This plant does not fuss about anything; all you have to do is provide it with primary care and attention.
In low light and low-temperature levels, this plant goes into dormancy. For this short period, this plant does not need any fertilization or excessive watering.
Common Problems and Their Solutions
This plant cannot tolerate overwatering. If it is overwatered, it falls prey to root rot and many fungal diseases. Signs of root rot are brown and mushy roots. If you notice any mushy roots, cut them immediately; otherwise, the healthy parts will also get affected. You should let the plant dry between waterings to prevent root rot.
Bacterial blight is also a common disease of this Anthurium plant. It appears as circular, water-filled blisters on the leaves of plants. You should use a fungicide to get rid of this.
Indoor Anthurium Besseae can also get attacked by pests. In high humidity, mealybugs, aphids, scales, spider mites, and thrips are seen lurking around the foliage of this plant. To get rid of these insects, you should spray the foliage with an insecticide or rub the leaves with neem oil.
Frequently Asked Questions about Anthurium Besseae
Can I Grow My Anthurium Besseae Outdoors?
Yes, of course. You can grow this plant outdoors if you can save it from the scorching sun or chilly temperatures. Although in winters, this plant should be indoors because it can get chilly injuries outside due to too much cold.
Why Is My Plant Not Blooming?
It can be due to poor lighting. If this plant does not receive ample indirect sunlight, it does not bloom at all. It is why many indoor plants do not bloom. You should provide this plant with some morning and evening sun to encourage blooming.
Why Does My Plant Have Short-lived Flowers?
This problem arises due to insufficient fertilization. As we have already discussed that phosphorus is required for producing healthy blooms, you should fertilize your plant twice every month with a high-phosphorus fertilizer. This increases the lifespan of its blooms.
Growing an easy-maintenance plant that beautifies indoor space and purifies the air is a win-win situation. Anthurium Besseae is a lovely Anthurium species with gorgeous velvety leaves that are shaded with deep-green colors. This plant also produces beautiful red-colored flowers that grow on tall stalks. It is a lovely and elegant houseplant for large living rooms or small apartments.