Home Plants Anthurium Argyrostachyum – An Evergreen Tropical Plant

Anthurium Argyrostachyum – An Evergreen Tropical Plant

by gardeningit
ANTHURIUM ARGYROSTACHYUM

Anthurium Argyrostachyum is one of our favorite Anthurium varieties because of its luscious green leaves. Anthurium Argyrostachyum, also known by the name, Anthurium Argyrostachyum Villosum, is an evergreen tropical species native to South America. It is a medium-sized houseplant that has beautiful, tri-lobed leaves in the perfect grassy-green color. It is a flowering plant that produces non-fragrant flowers, but it rarely blooms indoors. With proper care, you can grow this incredible Anthurium species in your home.

Classification

  • Family: Araceae
  • Subfamily: Pothoideae
  • Genus: Anthurium

Origin and Distribution

This species was first discovered in South America, and it is abundantly found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Appearance

Foliage

Anthurium Argyrostachyum Villosum has lush green leaves that are tri-lobed. These leaves grow on thin herbaceous branches.

Blooms

This plant produces green-colored spadix and a modified flower spathe that is red to pink in color. These flowers bloom all year round, each flower lasting two to three months.

Size

It has a mature size of 20 inches, and its foliage is 20 inches wide upon maturity.

Anthurium Argyrostachyum Care

Quick Guide 

  1. Watering: Light watering.
  2. Soil type and pH: A mixture of potting soil and perlite.
  3. Sunlight: Partial Shade.
  4. Temperature: Not lower than 15°C.
  5. Humidity: 60% relative humidity.
  6. Fertilizer: Balanced liquid fertilizer twice a month.

Let’s read about each of these requirements one by one.

Watering Requirements

To light water the plant means not to pour it in excess. Anthurium Argyrostachyum should be watered when its topsoil gets dry after the previous watering. This plant needs to be watered once every week in the growing season. In summers, you will notice that its soil gets dry quickly, and the roots take merely a day or two to absorb all the water. So, during these days, it should be watered more to fulfill its watering needs.

For best results, use lukewarm water to water this plant. Some people prefer pouring ice cubes on the soil when it comes to watering this plant.

Soil Requirements

To keep a healthy root system of this plant, you should maintain excellent drainage of its growing medium. This plant must be grown in a potting mix that has fast-draining properties. A mixture of potting soil and perlite would be perfect for Anthurium Argyrostachyum. Adding perlite to the soil will not only increase the moisture-retaining capability but also increase its aeration. You can also use orchid soil instead of regular potting soil with perlite. The orchid mix is surprisingly well-draining, and it does not allow any excess water retained in it. So if you plant your Anthurium in an orchid mix, it will be safe from rot.

Sunlight

Unlike its close relatives, Anthurium Clarinervium and Arisaemoides that need bright sunlight to thrive, Anthurium Argyrostachyum prefers to be placed in partial shade. If placed in too much bright light, its leaves will get burnt and start wilting. This plant can survive in low light, but its growth rate slows down a lot. So medium light or partial shade is the ideal light exposure for this Anthurium species. The best placement for this plant is a spot that receives indirect sunlight through a nearby window. It can be either east or west-facing window.

Temperature Requirements

This plant should be placed in a warmer place where the temperature does not fluctuate much. This plant is not frost-hardy, so it should never be grown outdoors in winters. It cannot tolerate temperatures lower than 15°C. To protect it from chilly temperatures, place this plant in a greenhouse for the winters. A greenhouse is a perfect place to provide this plant with the necessary warmth.

Too much heat is also not preferable. In extreme summers, place this plant in a spot that is somewhat colder than the outside temperature.

Humidity

Growing indoor plants comes with the responsibility of regulating indoor humidity. All tropical plants love high humidity. Anthurium Argyrostachyum also prefers growing in high moisture levels. You must set the room humidity around 60% to keep this plant happy and healthy. This relative humidity is regulated through a humidifier or other simpler methods. Other methods include placing the plant in a terrarium, above a pebble tray, or in a group with other plants. Regular misting also increases the moisture level around this plant. But make sure there is enough air circulation around this plant. Otherwise, excess moisture will attract unwanted pests.

Fertilizer

Fertilize this plant twice a month with a balanced liquid fertilizer. Liquid fertilizer is only available for a short period, and it is why the plant should be fed bimonthly. But if you used slow-release fertilizer instead of liquid fertilizer for your plant, you will not have to fertilize the plant again for another 3 to 4 months.

Any fertilizer you use should be first diluted to one-quarter its strength. Diluting the fertilizer saves the roots from burning due to strong chemicals.

Grooming and Pruning

Usually, this plant sheds its old leaves before the growing season. But, if it does not shed its leaves itself, you have to do that. Before every spring, prune the plant and remove all the old and yellow leaves using disinfected secateurs. The new growth above or at the center of the foliage should not be trimmed or removed. But, you can pinch the healthy branches to encourage more growth.

How to Propagate Anthurium Argyrostachyum

Propagation is the easiest and cheapest way to increase your houseplant collection. But many people do not propagate their plants because they think it is difficult and tricky. If you believe the same, let us change that for you. Here is how propagation can be made easy and fun.

There are three methods for propagating a healthy and mature Anthurium Argyrostachyum. Those three efficient methods are division, stem cuttings, and propagation through seeds.

Propagation Through Seeds

  • Take the seeds from the tiny berries from your Anthurium plant.
  • Mix sphagnum moss, charcoal, and sand in an earthenware pan.
  • Sow these seeds into the pan.
  • Cover the pan with a plastic cover and pinch some holes in it for oxygen flow.
  • Place this pan in a well-lit spot or partial shade.
  • In several weeks, baby shoots and roots will grow out of the soil.

Propagation Through Division

  • Remove the plant from its pot and shake its roots to remove excess soil.
  • Divide the plant as a whole (including its stems and roots) by using a knife or pulling it apart using your hands.
  • Plant both these divisions in separate pots and water them.
  • This is the fastest method of propagation, and it must be done in spring.

Propagation Through Stem Cuttings

  • Cut a healthy stem cutting with disinfected scissors.
  • This cutting must be several inches long and should have at least one leaf on it.
  • Place it in a rooting hormone for some time (this step is optional).
  • Plant the cutting in a potting mix and then care for it the same way you care for its mother plant.

Anthurium Argyrostachyum Basic Features

Growth rate

It is a slow to moderate growing plant that takes 2-3 years to reach its mature size. Even in ideal conditions, its growth rate is slower than many houseplants.

Toxicity

Because its leaves contain calcium oxalate crystals, the leaves should be consumed by any pets or toddlers. It is because the calcium oxalate crystals are poisonous for humans and pets. No pets or children should be allowed to go near the foliage of this toxic plant.

Drought Tolerance

The thick and leathery leaves of this Anthurium species have water-retaining properties. This plant saves a considerable amount of water in its leaves that could then be used in droughts. So, if you forget to water this plant for several days, it will be able to protect itself from dying.

Maintenance

It is a beautiful plant with low-maintenance foliage. It does not need daily care as a houseplant unless it is summer and the leaves need misting. This plant has a limited number of care requirements, so even beginners can easily grow it in their homes.

Dormancy

If the plant has not been watered for months, it enters dormancy to save itself. It also goes into dormancy in winters when the light and temperature levels are low. Its growth pace is barely noticeable during those days.

Common Problems and Their Solutions

Diseases

The only disease that this plant is prone is leaf spot. In leaf spot disease, the plant gets discoloration on its leaves. It can occur due to bacterial, fungal, or viral infection. If your plant has matured, this disease will not cause many problems. But it can kill your younger plant in no time. It is why you should treat it immediately. You can treat it by spraying the foliage with diluted baking soda. You can also use an all-purpose fungicide.

Pests

The three common pests that might attack your plant are mealybugs, soft scales, and aphids. Aphids and scales can be handpicked easily, but mealybugs must be removed by rubbing the foliage with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol.

Frequently Asked Questions about Anthurium Argyrostachyum

Why Are the Leaves of My Anthurium Argyrostachyum Splitting?

If the leaves of your plant are splitting, it means your plant is responding to low humidity. In such a case, you should increase the humidity levels around this plant. Try placing it on a water pebble tray for some days.

How to Remove Scales From My Plant?

Scales are white to brown colored, tiny creatures that appear as small, circular bumps on a plant’s foliage. You can remove these by handpicking them. But if they are large in number, use an insecticidal spray or diluted neem oil to remove these sap-sucking pests.

Why Are the Flowers of My Plant Curling?

Curled flowers can be due to several reasons, such as overwatering, temperature fluctuations, low humidity, high sunlight exposure, or a pest infestation. You should track these factors and find out the real cause.

Conclusion

Anthurium Argyrostachyum is a low-maintenance houseplant that is grown for its beautiful arrowhead-shaped leaves. It is a drought-tolerant plant that also happens to be a natural air purifier. The stunning green leaves of this plant filters the air to make it healthier for you to breathe in. This tropical beauty can be easily grown indoors because it is adaptable and adjust to any indoor condition.

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