Home Plants Anthurium Angamarcanum – A Tropical Houseplant

Anthurium Angamarcanum – A Tropical Houseplant

by gardeningit
Anthurium Angamarcanum

If you are into growing beautiful tropical houseplants, you are going to love this Anthurium species! Anthurium Angamarcanum is an evergreen epiphytic with the shiniest, sheen velvety, dark-green leaves with bright silver venation. This plant is truly a masterpiece that can easily be grown indoors, thanks to its low-maintenance foliage!

Anthurium Angamarcanum Classification

  • Family: Araceae
  • Subfamily: Pothoideae
  • Genus: Anthurium

Origin and Distribution

Luis Sodiro first described this plant in 1901. It is native to Ecuadorian rainforests and is abundantly found in Southern America.

Anthurium Angamarcanum Appearance

Foliage

This plant has shiny and velvety, dark-green leaves that can reach up to 2 feet long! These magnificent leaves are oblong to heart-shaped.

Blooms

This plant produces monocot blooms with a small, green-colored spathe. However, these blooms are not the center of this plant’s beauty, so the growers often remove these.

Size

It is a medium-sized plant that can grow as tall as 4 to 5 feet in ideal growing conditions.

Anthurium Angamarcanum Care

Anthurium Angamarcanum needs to be watered as soon as its topsoil gets dry. Its fertilization should be done every month with a balanced fertilizer. A temperature range of 18 to 24°C and a humidity level of 70-80% is ideal for proper growth. 

Quick Guide 

  • Watering: Water regularly from spring to summer.
  • Soil type: Rich organic soil.
  • Sunlight: Diffused sunlight.
  • Temperature: 18 to 24°C.
  • Humidity: 70% to 80%.
  • Fertilizer: Balanced fertilized once a month.
  • Hardiness zones: 11.

Now, let’s read each of these care requirements in detail.

Anthurium Angamarcanum Watering

Anthurium Angamarcanum prefers moist soil but hates to sit in water. To do its watering right, you should water this plant thoroughly but allow its excess to pass through the drainage hole.

Regular watering is essential in spring and spring. The soil of this plant must be allowed to dry out a little bit between waterings. Otherwise, the plant will fall prey to root rot due to standing water.

If you have a fish tank at home, you should use its water for watering this Anthurium species. This is because fish water contains many nutrients and minerals that will benefit the healthy growth of this plant.

Soil Requirements

In its natural habitat, this Anthurium grows as an epiphyte attached to the trunks of tall trees. It absorbs the essential nutrients mainly from the air, tree droppings, and dead leaves. So, while planting it indoors, you should use such a rich, organic potting mix. A mixture of compost, peat-moss, coco-peat, and mulch make the ideal potting mix for this plant. You can also add bark, perlite, and gravel to increase the soil’s aeration and drainage.

Adding sand to its potting mix is not a good idea, so you should avoid that. Instead, you can add animal manure to boost up the nutrient content.

Sunlight

To know its sunlight requirements, let’s observe this plant’s natural habitat again. Anthurium Angamarcanum grows under trees in the forests so it does not get exposed to direct sunlight. What it does get is a lot of bright, indirect, or diffused sunlight. So when grown indoors, it has a similar requirement for light exposure. It prefers to be placed in a well-lit spot but away from the direct sun.

The perfect place for the placement of this plant is a spot near an east-facing window, which is covered by curtains. This greeny fellow will receive enough indirect exposure in this spot, and it will also be safe from the direct sun rays.

Temperature Requirements

This tropical evergreen does not like temperature extremes; it stays happy in warmer temperatures. The ideal temperature range for its proper growth is 18°C to 24°C.

This plant is not a hardy species when it comes to winters and low temperatures. You should never let the temperature indoors fall below 13°C because this plant will die at this chilly temperature. Placing this plant in a greenhouse in winters is a great idea, as it will stay warm in it. Just make sure that the greenhouse has good airflow.

In summers, do not place it in the way of a fan or air conditioner as direct wind will damage the leaves.

Humidity

Did we mention this plant grows in 100% humidity in its native environs? It is why it expects high humidity when grown indoors. You should increase the indoor humidity to at least 70% to 80% for its optimal growth. Kitchens and bathrooms are the two most-humid rooms in a house. These are the best places to grow your Anthurium Angamarcanum.

Other than this, you can also use a humidifier to increase humidity levels in your home. If this seems like an expensive option, you can also go for the pebble tray method. Just place your plant on a pebble tray filled with water and watch the humidity level around the plant rise.

Fertilizer

This plant does not need occasional feeding. It just needs to be fertilized every month with a balanced fertilizer with equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. You can also fertilize this plant if you notice that its growth rate has slowed down lately.

To avoid any problems due to chemical build-up, you can also use organic feeds to fertilize this plant. These are slow-release fertilizers that do not need to be used every month.

Repotting

This tropical species loves to stay root-bound. You should not repot it every year as it will disturb the plant. Repotting must be done when the roots start to grow out of the drainage hole, and this does not happen before 2 to 3 years of initial potting.

Grooming and Pruning

This lovely plant does not ask for any pruning or grooming for its shape maintenance. You only have to trim the dead ends of the stems or the old leaves. You can do this anytime you notice a dead or yellow leaf.

How to Propagate Anthurium Angamarcanum

Decorating a home with beautiful tropical plants is the ultimate trend in this era. Having a vast plant collection to decorate your home with does not mean buying a whole bunch of plants. You can also do so by propagating the limited number of plants that you have. Propagation is the best method to increase your plant collection. So, let us teach you a simple method to propagate this elegant Anthurium Angamarcanum.

Propagation by Root Division

  1. This type of propagation should be done at the beginning of summer.
  2. Gently take out your plant from its pot.
  3. Start removing the soil around the roots until the plant’s central stem is revealed.
  4. Using an infected knife, cut the plant into two halves so that the upper half has all the leaves, half stem, and some roots, and the bottom half has the remaining stem and the remaining roots.
  5. Both these parts should be left on a wooden board for some time to let them form callous.
  6. Plant both these divisions into separate pots with potting mix.
  7. The division with just the roots and stem should have its stump above the soil surface.

Keep watering and fertilizing both parts.

Propagation through Plantlets

  1. In mature plants, sometimes plantlets grow at their base.
  2. These plantlets are used for the propagation process.
  3. If your plant has grown a plantlet, separate that plantlet from its mother plant and move it to a separate pot.
  4. You must do this in early spring.
  5. You should not cut this plantlet if it does not have several leaves on it.

Anthurium Angamarcanum Basic Features

Anthurium Angamarcanum Growth

It is a slow-growing plant that takes at least three years to reach its mature height.

The best place to grow this plant in northern regions is a patio in summers and a greenhouse in winters. In tropical zones, it should be grown indoors.

Toxicity

This Anthurium Angamarcanum type has toxic foliage. Its leaves have calcium oxalate crystals, and its stem has poisonous sap. You should keep your pets and toddlers away from this plant.

Also, wear gloves while handling this plant.

Drought Tolerance

It is a stunning, drought-tolerant plant that can survive on its own if not water for weeks! This plant has water-retaining properties; it saves water in its foliage to prepare itself for harsh conditions, such as droughts.

Anthurium Angamarcanum Maintenance

Luckily, this beautiful species with gorgeous foliage is a low-maintenance plant so that you can grow it in your home without any hassle. It just needs the primary care that every other plant needs. And if you are a beginner, this plant is just perfect for you!

Dormancy

When the light and temperature levels are extremely low in late winters, this plant enters a resting stage to protect itself from dying. This resting stage is called dormancy. During these days, this plant stops growing, so you should not fertilize it at all.

Common Problems and Their Solutions

Diseases

The appearance of yellow-colored, fluid-filled blisters on the leaves of this plant indicates that it has gotten bacterial blight. It is a serious disease that kills the plant if not treated on time. If your plant has any such signs, prune the infected parts and lower the humidity to get rid of this disease.

Root rot is another disease of the Anthurium Angamarcanum type that You can prevent by avoiding overwatering.

Anthurium Angamarcanum Pests

This Anthurium type is a pest-resistant plant. However, it can still get attacked by mealybugs, spider mites, and aphids. These insects are dangerous for the plant’s health as they suck the sap out of the stem and weaken the plant with time.

To treat these pests, you should use insecticidal soap or essential oil. And to prevent these sap-sucking pests, you should wipe the leaves of your plant with a wet cloth regularly.

Frequently Asked Questions about Anthurium Angamarcanum

Should I Mist My Anthurium Angamacanum?

Many Anthurium plants, such as Anthurium Regale, Anthurium Veitchii, or Anthurium Magnificum, need high humidity to survive. These plants, along with Anthurium Angamacanum, need daily misting to maintain a highly humid surrounding. So, misting this plant is essential as long as you do not let the leaves stay wet for a longer time.

Can I Grow My Plant Outdoors?

This plant can be grown outdoors if the outside temperature is not too high nor too chilly. However, you should cover its foliage with a shade cloth to protect it from the direct sun.

Why Are the Leaves of My Plant Wilting Even With Regular Watering?

If you water the plant regularly but it has wilted or yellow leaves, it is due to a fungal infection in the roots. You should prune the infected roots immediately and wash the healthy ones. Also, change the potting soil.

Conclusion

Anthurium Angamarcanum is a popular houseplant that is grown indoors for its exquisite foliage. This plant is an easy-to-grow houseplant with incredible air-purification properties.

So, if you love to grow plants indoors but always end up killing them due to their high-maintenance foliage, you should try to grow this Anthurium species. Its ultra-low-maintenance foliage will not disappoint you!

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