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Alocasia Frydek – Green Velvet Alocasia

by gardeningit
Alocasia Frydek

Alocasia Frydek, commonly known as Green Velvet Alocasia, is a handsome cultivar of Alocasia Micholitziana. It is a tropical plant having large, green-colored, sagittate leaves whose beauty is enhanced by the silverish-white veins. These leaves are velvety to touch and are held up by light-green herbaceous stems. If given the right conditions, this gorgeous plant blooms beautiful inflorescence that is tint-shaded.

This perennial cultivar is popular as a houseplant because it is so easy to care for and has a longer lifespan. It can be grown in pots in a living room, patio, kitchen, office space, or home garden; no matter where you grow this green beauty, it will adorn all spaces.

Common Names

  • Green Velvet Alocasia
  • Elephant Ears
  • Alocasia Micholitziana ‘Frydek’ (scientific name).

Classification

  • Family: Araceae
  • Subfamily: Aroideae
  • Genus: Alocasia

About the Genus Alocasia

Alocasia is a genus of the Araceae family. 79 species of flowering plants have been classified into this genus. All these plants are native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and the Eastern parts of Australia. These plants are also cultivated and are grown globally for their striking leaves.

Alocasia Frydek Features

Foliage and Stem

Alocasia Frydek ‘Variegated’ has two shaded leaves. Its leaves are green in color, while its veins shine in a shade of silver. These sagittate leaves are shaped like arrowheads. Multiple short, lime-green branches grow out of the base of this plant and hold up its leaves. The texture of these leaves is velvety and soft. The leaves are about 18 inches long; these striking leaves are the complete beauty of this Alocasia plant.

Alocasia Frydek Flower

This plant, no doubt, is a flowering plant, but it does not bloom normally if grown indoors. But if it is provided with all the necessary conditions and is kept in a warm spot, it can bloom flowers in the form of spadix and spathe. Alocasia Frydek flowers are pinkish-white in a shade and they grow in clusters between the long leaves.

Evergreen

When choosing a houseplant, people prefer evergreen beauties. This is because, with evergreen plants, their indoors can have a greeny statement and a touch of nature for all the months as evergreens do not shed their leaves all at once. Alocasia Frydek is one such evergreen plant whose foliage remains fresh and functional throughout the year. Unlike deciduous plants, its leaves turn yellow only when they are old enough; these yellowed leaves fall one of two at a time. This beautiful plant keeps spreading greeny vibes all year round.

Height

Green Velvet Alocasia has a mature height of 2-3 feet. Its leaves cover a space of 24-36 inches. This height and width are perfect for houseplants as they do not cover much space but still adorns the whole space with their beauty. Due to its small height, this plant can also be placed on a tabletop.

Air Purification

Alocasia Micholitziana is among NASA’s top 10 air-purifying plants. This gorgeo, with its large exquisite leaves, not only embellishes your room but also keeps its air fresh and clean. Its elongated leaves can filter the toxic chemicals present in the air. It is no surprise that we have fallen into a pit of air pollution. Hundreds of vehicles roam outside our homes, emitting harmful substances and gases. We breathe into the same polluted air. That is why we have to think of ways to maintain our health. What’s best than having a beautiful plant inside your home that is also a natural air-purifier that kicks off all the harmful chemicals from the air that you breathe? This lovely plant lets you breathe fresh and clean air as soon as you step inside your home.

Temperature Tolerance

This plant is not tolerant of temperature extremes. It grows best at an average room temperature. If the temperature fluctuates above or below this level, the plant goes into stress. If the temperature levels fluctuate too much, the plant can also go into dormancy. This only happens in extreme conditions. That is why you should always keep your plant in a warmer spot. This lovely Alocasia is not frost-hardy. It cannot tolerate temperatures below 15°C. Frosts are a nightmare for this striking plant. If you are growing your Alocasia plant outdoors, move it indoors before frosts, or chilly weather destroys its foliage.

In summers, the temperature rises above the normal range. Elevated temperature is as harmful to this plant as chilly temperatures. You should never place it in a room where hot air blows through the windows. Heat and drafts can burn their leaves.

Humidity Tolerance

If you are planning to grow a tropical plant indoors, there’s one thing that you should know for sure, that is true for all tropical plants native to the rainforests: they all love high humidity. Plants that grow in a rainforest are surrounded by hundreds of trees. It rains there every day or every week. The rain increases the moisture in the air, and the water transpiring from the trees further increases the humidity. The humidity level there is normally above 75%. All of those plants prefer high moisture in the air. This is why, when you grow a tropical plant indoors, you have to mimic the environment of the rainforest.

You have to regulate the humidity levels. Alocasia Frydek is fond of high humidity; however, it cannot withstand low moisture in the air. If the humidity level falls below 30%, its leaves start to lose freshness and their color starts to fade away. This does not mean that you have to level up your normal household humidity to a quite higher proportion, i.e. 75%. This plant can also do well above 50% of the moisture in the air.

Drought Resistance

This lovely plant is quite resistant to droughts. If it faces a situation of low-water availability, it goes dormant and enters a resting stage. This is how it saves itself from death. Droughts and dehydration lead it to the dormancy stage that ends only when it is watered thoroughly and its watering schedule is resumed. However, this does not mean that you leave your Alocasia plant dying of thirst. You should keep checking this plant every now and then for its watering needs.

Pressure Tolerance

The velvety and eye-catching foliage of this Alocasia plant requires basic care. However, in times of stress, it goes dormant. It can save itself from dying and wilting. This means it is quite tolerant of internal stress and pressure. As for speaking of external pressure, you should make sure that it is not being pressed down by any heavy object. This also means that it must be placed a few inches away from other plants, so their foliage does not hurdle its growth. You should place this plant in a spot, where it has enough space to breathe and grow properly; it must be pressure-free.

Disease and Pest Resistance

Another cool feature of this Alocasia plant is that it is pest-resistant; this lovely plant does not attract any insects or pests. However, it is susceptible to certain diseases, such as bacterial leaf spot, root rot, and crown rot.

All of these diseases are due to inconsistent watering and the wrong selection of pot. If your plant gets any of such disease, remove the infected part ASAP so that it does not infect the healthy parts of the plant. Also, to prevent the plant from getting the same disease in the future, look for the cause, and eradicate it. Either re-pot the plant into a more suitable pot or water it by following a proper guide.

Growth

Alocasia Micholitziana Frydek is a fast-grower. If you buy a baby Alocasia and start to grow it inside your home, it will mature in no time. It reaches its maximum height in about a year. If a leaf falls from its branches, a new leaf takes its place in just some days. Every month, this fast-grower produces about two new leaves.

The USDA plant hardiness zones recommended for this tropical plant are 9b-11.

Toxicity

Do not fall for the magic of this plant’s beauty; it is quite poisonous. It must be kept away from nibbling pets and toddlers. The large leaves of this beaut contain insoluble calcium oxalate crystals that are toxic. If ingested, these cause swelling of the mouth and irritation of the esophagus. That is why you should never leave your pet alone in a room where an Alocasia plant is growing.

Durability

These perennial plants are quite durable. If you want to grow a plant that stays with you for several years, Alocasia Frydek is a good choice. It has a longer lifespan than many other delicate plants. This plant can even outlive its standard lifespan if you care for it properly and provide it with all the necessary conditions.

Maintenance

Who doesn’t want a beautiful, low-maintenance plant that is so easy to grow? Green Velvet Alocasia is an eye-catching plant that can be grown even by beginners. You do not have to be on your heels to care for it every day. All it needs is scheduled watering and a bright spot to thrive and grow. It is common as a houseplant because every person can grow it without any hassle. This gorgeo only needs extra care if it gets affected by a disease. Other than that, it will not bother you at all.

Dormancy

Alocasia Micholitziana is a perennial plant that goes through a period of dormancy in winters. As the temperature drops and light levels are reduced in winters, this peep goes to a resting period; it does not grow or show any signs of new buds during these days. Dormancy is necessary because it is a resting period for the plant when it conserves its energy.

If Alocasia Frydek is not getting proper watering, it can go dormant due to dehydration. This can also happen due to stress. If your Alocasia plant goes dormant during the growing season, it means you are not watering it properly.

Alocasia Frydek Care

Alocasia Frydek care involves weekly waterings and occasional misting. It must be placed under bright, indirect light or partial shade. The humidity level must be at least 50%. The optimum temperature range for the healthy growth of this velvety plant is 18°C to 30°C. It must be fed with a balanced fertilizer every two weeks. It can be grown in growth zones of 9b-11.

Alocasia Frydek Watering

Alocasia Frydek’s watering schedule is a little tricky. This tropical plant does not like to stay dry between watering; it needs water as soon as its topsoil becomes dry. The roots of this plant prefer to stay moist all the time. So it is better if you water it when the top 1-2 inches of soil gets dry. Whenever you water Alocasia, water it thoroughly until excess water begins to drip out of drainage holes. This way the soil remains moist all the time. After a thorough watering, discard the extra water so the plants do not fall prey to root rot.

This eye-catching plant should be watered once a week. Do not let this plant go without water for a longer period; it can go dormant if you miss a couple of its watering days. However, its watering frequency depends a lot on the climate that you are living in. If you live in a warmer climate, your plant might ask for watering more than once a week. This species of Alocasia plant needs to be watered with this frequency only in the growing season; in winters, its watering requirements lessen.

Alocasia Frydek Soil

This lovely plant can be grown in a variety of soils and pH levels. It is better if you go for slightly acidic soil whose pH ranges from 6.0 to 7.0. Acidic soil is more preferred by houseplants as this pH level allows its roots to absorb the necessary nutrients. As for the soil type, well-draining and fertile soil do well for this plant’s healthy growth. You can add a little perlite to the soil to increase its aeration; it helps its roots to breathe as more oxygen flows through them.  Sand pumice and orchid bark also help to increase aeration.

This plant grows better in rich and fertile soil as it stays moist for an extended period. You can increase the fertility of the soil by adding humus and peat. As for Alocasia Frydek soil, an all-purpose potting mix is recommended. It contains the required proportions of soil, perlite, vermiculite, and compost. It is best if you grow this gorgeo in a clay pot. This is because clay pots are more porous and provide a healthy environment for the plant. These pots allow air to pass through; it keeps the roots fresh. These also remove excess moisture.

Alocasia Frydek Light

Do you have an empty corner in your room that is brightly lit but is away from any direct sun rays? If yes, then this spot is best for the placement of your Alocasia Frydek. This aroid loves being in a luminous spot. Bright, indirect light is favored by these plants. If you place it under filtered light and partial shade, well and good! Alocasia Frydek light requirement includes letting the plant bathe under the direct morning sun. However, the midday sun is not recommended; it can burn its shiny and green leaves. Do not place this plant under direct sun for more than 2 hours.

You can place your Green Velvet Alocasia in the direction of the east or north-facing window. This is where your plant will get optimum sunlight exposure. However, if you place it in a south or west-facing window, keep it a few feet away as the direct sun shines on these spots. If you want to place this beaut on your window sill, grow them behind a curtain to save its striking leaves from the burning sun.

Temperature Requirements

Average room temperature is fine for the proper growth of Alocasia Frydek. If the room temperature of your rooms varies from 18°C to 30°C, you need not alter or regulate it; this temperature range is best for this plant’s growth. Alocasia Frydek does not like to be grown in temperature extremes. It is not frost-hardy. It cannot bear a temperature below 15°C. If the temperature drops below this point, your plant can go dormant. This only happens if your plant is still pre-mature. If this happens, move your plant to a warmer spot ASAP. However, do not place it in front of a radiator; hot drafts can damage its foliage. No doubt, this plant prefers warmer temperature but protect it from higher temperatures.

Humidity

Humidity is necessary to keep the leaves fresh and shiny. This gorgeo needs moisture for its lush growth. In its natural habitat, the Frydek plant grows in high humidity levels. You have to mimic this environment in your homes too. This plant has larger leaves. Larger leaves mean more pores, and more pores mean a higher rate of transpiration. If the moisture level around its surrounding air is low, its transpiration rate increases. This leads to a loss of a lot of water that cannot be compensated through water absorption by roots. This is why it is important to keep the humidity levels high around this plant.

The humidity levels should be kept at least 50% for the stunning Alocasia Micholitziana ‘Frydek’. If the humidity inside your home is lower than this proportion, you can try different tricks to increase the humidity levels. Misting the plant every now and then is the most efficient way to regulate the moisture in the air. You can also use a humidifier in your home that regulates the humidity inside the home on its own. Another trick is to place this plant on top of a pebble tray. The water evaporates from the pebbles and compensates for the moisture around the plant.

Fertilizer

Just like every other plant, this greeny Alocasia needs to be fed with the necessary nutrients for healthy growth. You should use a balanced fertilizer for this plant that has a 10-10-10 value. This means that it has a balanced NPK or an equal amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. These three major nutrients make sure that your plant is growing in a good state. Each of them plays a separate role in the plant’s growth. Nitrogen ensures that the leaves grow greener and fresher; phosphorus is for blooming and flowering, and potassium makes sure that the stem grows at a good pace.

You can use a water-soluble fertilizer as it is slow-release and it will be available to the plant for an extended period. Always dilute the fertilizer before applying it to the plant. This is because these fertilizers are strong and can burn the roots. Dilute the fertilizer to its 1/4th strength and apply it every two weeks in the growing season. There is no need to feed this plant in winters.

Grooming and Pruning

Alocasia “Elephant Ears” does not need to be pruned to enhance its appearance. Its foliage does not get a leggy shape; it stays quite impressive all the year. However, it does not mean that you should not prune it at all. It is an evergreen plant that sheds its leaves one by one by turning them yellow. When some leaves turn yellow, you have to cut them off. You should also prune the plant at the beginning of the growing season to make enough room for new buds and blooms. Make sure that you use sterilized pair of shears for pruning. If you do not sterilize its blades, your plant can get attacked by various viruses and infections. It is always better to be on the safe side.

Re-potting

Alocasia Frydek does not fuss about things. It does not need occasional re-potting. Actually, it likes to remain a little root-bound. You should only re-pot this plant after 2 years when the plant has matured fully. The size of the pot completely depends on your choice. You can either re-pot it in the same-sized pot or can move it to a pot that is about 2 inches bigger. If you are growing this lovely plant indoors, it is better if you re-pot it into a pot that has the same size as the previous one. This way, your plant will stay in a standard size.

Do not use an extra larger pot. If your pot is way bigger than the size of your plant, the soil will take more time to dry. This will lead to root rot. If you re-pot your plant in a same-sized pot, renew the soil. Your plant would have used all of the nutrients of the older soil, so it is will do no good. Clay pots are best for this tropical plant because clay lets the soil dry faster.

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Propagating Alocasia Frydek

If you have beautiful plants in your home, and you are not increasing your collection, you are doing it so wrong! Alocasia Frydek is a stunning plant that deserves to be propagated. It can be propagated through divisions and bulbs. If you have never propagated a plant before, you need not worry. Below is the simple guide for propagating Alocasia Frydek.

Propagation by Divisions

This method is the easiest of all.

  1. Take a healthy plant and remove it gently from the plant.
  2. Shake the plant to remove any excess soil off.
  3. Use chopsticks or your fingers to divide the plant into two parts.
  4. Cut the new part where the roots have multiple bulbs.
  5. Now take a new pot with drainage holes.
  6. Move both the plants to pots and place them in centers.
  7. Add the potting mix and dap on the topsoil.
  8. Water both plants thoroughly.

That is all; now you have two lovely Alocasia Frydek.

Propagation by Using Bulbs

Alocasia plants have bulbs, growing between their roots. These bulbs can also be used to propagate these plants. It does not matter that the bulbs have roots or not; this way is effective in all cases. Follow the following step-by-step guide to propagate your Alocasia through bulbs.

  1. Take the mother plant and remove it from its pot.
  2. Use a sharp blade to cut some bulbs from its roots. Make sure that no roots are attached to the bulbs.
  3. Do not use mushy bulbs.
  4. Put these bulbs in a container that is filled with soil. Add perlite, vermiculite, or orchid bark to the soil to increase aeration.
  5. Use well-draining soil.
  6. Keep watering the soil, so it remains moist but not too damp.
  7. Water the plant as soon as its soil gets dry.
  8. You can place a plastic cover over the container to give the bulbs a greenhouse effect. This way, they will get the necessary humidity level.
  9. After a time of 2-4 weeks, new stem and roots will merge from the bulbs.
  10. This is when you know that you have succeeded in propagating your Frydek plant.

Alocasia Frydek Indoor Care

Alocasia Frydek indoor care is a little tricky than care for it if it is grown outdoors. If it is grown indoors, it has to be provided the required level of humidity, light exposure, and temperature. However, these are not difficult to maintain. Once you learn the basics, you can grow this little plant inside your rooms without any hassle.

Final Thoughts

Plants have become an important addition to interior décor. Every person wants a touch of nature inside his home to connect with nature. Plants not only beautify a room but also lights up moods and spread fresher vibes. Alocasia Frydek is a tropical beauty that must be grown indoors. It is a low-maintenance plant that happens to be a natural air purifier too! This mini planting can be grown in any place you want, as long as it is provided with the necessary conditions.

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